PASSIVE VOICE (B2 LEVEL)

In grammar, INTERMEDIATE B1-B2 by idealist0 Comments

TENSE/VERB FORM ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE
Simple present keeps is kept
Present continuous is keeping is being kept
Simple past kept was kept
Past continuous was keeping was being kept
Present perfect has/have kept has/have been kept
Past perfect had kept had been kept
Future will keep will be kept
Conditional would keep would be kept
Perfect conditional would have kept would have been kept
Present infinitive to keep to be kept
Perfect infinitive to have kept to have been kept
Present participle/ gerund Perfect participle keeping / having kept being kept / having been kept
THE PASSIVE IS FORMED WITH THE DIFFERENT TENSES OF THE VERB TO BE FOLLOWED BY A PAST PARTICIPLE

MAIN USES OF THE PASSIVE VOICE

 

a)   When the person doing the action (the agent) is not known, or when it is unnecessary to mention the agent. For example:

               MY CAR’S BEEN STOLEN!            MILK IS OFTEN SOLD IN CARTONS.

b)   To emphasisethe action or event rather than the agent. For example:    

         LETTERS ARE COLLECTED FROM THE BOXES, TAKEN TO THE SORTING OFFICE, SORTED

        AND THEN SENT TO THE CORRECT PART OF THE COUNTRY.

c)   To avoid using you and onewhen making an impersonal statement. For example:

                      TAKING PHOTOGRAPHS IN THE MUSEUM IS FORBIDDEN. 

                      CHILDREN ARE NOT ALLOWED IN THE BAR.

d)VERBS WITH TWO OBJECTS

GIVE     SEND   SHOW     LEND   PAY   PROMISE    REFUSE    TELL   OFFER

These verbs are followed by two objects, which usually refer to a person and a thing.

She gave her sister the car.

Her sister was given the car.          The car was given to her sister.

 

       *Most often in such cases the person becomes the subject of the passive verb.

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