The Present Perfect Tense

The  Present Perfect  Tense


Olumlu Cümle  (+)

 

Özne +have/has+ Fiil(3)+ Nesne + Zaman İfadesi

 

Subject +have/has+Verb(3)+ Object + Time Expression

 

I        have       worked            30 hours                      this week

You   have       studied             hard                 this year

We    have       worked            well                 today

They have        talked               carefully                      today

He     has         worked            carelessly         today

She   has          phoned            me                   this month

It        has        worked            regularly          this week

 

I’ve done my work, it’s your turn now. You gotto do yours.  

 

Olumsuz Cümle  (-)

 

Özne +have/has not+ Fiil(3)+ Nesne + Zaman İfadesi

 

Subject +have/has not+Verb(3)+ Object + Time Expression

 

I        haven’t               worked            35 hours                      this week

You   haven’t             worked            hard                             this week

We    haven’t               worked            well                             this week

They haven’t               worked            carefully                      this week

He     hasn’t                 worked            carelessly                     this week

She      hasn’t              phoned            me                               this week

It          hasn’t              worked            regularly                      this week

 

I ain’t told ‘er. She’s learnt from ‘im.

 

Soru Cümlesi (?+)

 

have/has + Özne + Fiil(3)+ Nesne + Zaman İfadesi

 

have/has+Subject +Verb(3)+ Object + Time Expression

 

Have    I           worked            this week?

Have    You     worked            this week?

Have    We       worked            this week?

Have    They    worked            this week?

Has      He       worked            this week?

Has      She      worked            this week?

Has      It          worked            this week?

WH- Questions

  • What’ve you done this week?

I’ve studied English this week.

  • Where have you gone today?

I’ve gone to Mugla City today.

  • Whom have you phoned ?

I’ve phoned  my mother.

  • Who’s phoned?

Murat has phoned.

  • How’s she come here?

She’s come by bus.

 

 

Zaman İfadeleri

 

Today:                         Bu gün

This week:                   Bu hafta,

This month:                 Bu Ay

This year:                    Bu yıl

This summer:             Bu yaz

 

Just:                             Az önce

Already:                      hali hazırda, demin

Yet:                             henüz

 

Kullanımı

 

I haven’t seen him yet.

She’s just gone out.

They’ve already phoned us.

 

I’ve known him since 1995.

I’ve known her for 9 years.

 

idealist

very enthusiastic language learner

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