SIMPLE PAST TENSE VIDEO ANLATIMLI

SIMPLE PAST TENSE VIDEO ANLATIMLI

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SIMPLE PAST TENSE VIDEO ANLATIMLI

SIMPLE PAST TENSE

We use simple past tense for the actions that began in the past and ended in the past.

(Geçmişte başlamış ve bitmiş eylemler için kullanırız.)

GRAMMAR IN CONTEXT

*Skating! (simple past)

This winter I learned to skate! A friend of mine had an extra pair of skates. He persuaded me to go skating with him one Saturday afternoon in February. I borrowed the skates and we went skating!

It was cold outside! We wore hats, scarves and mitts to keep warm. He showed me how to put on the skates. He helped me walk onto the ice. He showed me how to start moving. He also showed me how to stop! I moved very slowly at first and lots of people skated past me. When I fell nobody laughed at me. Instead, they helped me get back up. I kept trying! Soon I felt much better. I liked skating!

REGULAR VERBS (DÜZENLİ FİİLLER)

learned               -(to) learn (öğrenmek)    -learned (öğrendi)

persuaded         -(to) persuade (ikna etmek)   -persuaded (ikna etti)

borrowed           -(to) borrow (ödünç almak)   -(borrowed) (ödünç aldı)

showed                -(to) show (göstermek)   -showed (gösterdi)

helped                  -(to) help (yardım emek)   -helped (yardım etti)

 

IRREGULAR VERBS (DÜZENSİZ FİİLLER)

have (sahip olmak)               had (sahip oldu)

go (gitmek)                             went (gitti)

fall (düşmek)                          fell (düştü)

keep (tutmak)                        kept (tuttu)

feel (hissetmek)                     felt (hissetti)

–As you see from the examples regular verbs have regular forms. They take -ed after them. (Örneklerdende gördüğünüz gibi düzenli fiillerin düzenli şekilleri vardır. Hepsi kendisinden sonra -ed eki alır.)

learn-learned      help-helped     show-showed

–However, irregular verbs haven’t got regular forms. They are irregular. (Fakat düzensiz fiillerin düzenli halleri yoktur. Düzensiz bir şekilde ikinci hallerine çekimlenirler.)

fall-fell                   keep-kept                    feel-felt                   go-went

NEGATIVES and QUESTIONS

(OLUMSUZ ve SORU CÜMLELERİ)

-We use auxillary verbs didn’t and did for negatives and questions. (Olumsuz ve soru cümleleri için didn’t -olumsuzlarda- didn’t -soru cümlelerinde başta -did kullanırız)

-The verb  is used in base form both in negatives and positives. We use didn’t or did, instead. (Fiiler her iki -olumsuz ve soru- haldede 1. halinde kullanılır.)

NEGATIVE SENTENCES IN TABLE

I  

didn’t

 

play basketball  

yesterday

 

last year

 

last weekend

We help her mother
You go to school
They use his computer
He drink his orange juice
She speak german
It listen to its master

 

QUESTION SENTENCES in TABLE

 

Did

I

We

You

They

He

She

It

play basketball  

Yesterday?

 

last year?

 

last weekend?

help her mother
go to school
use his computer
drink his orange juice
speak german
listen to its master

 

As you see in the examples the verbs are in the base form.(örneklerde de gördüğünüz gibi fiiller birinci hallerindeler.)

TIME EXPRESSIONS

Time Expressions

Common time expressions (time adverbials) in the Past Simple are:

  • yesterday – dün
  • the other day -geçen gün
  • just now – hemen az önce
  • the day before yesterday -dünden önceki gün

 

 

 

 

 

*Source for the story link:     http://www.readingesl.ca/grammar/past.htm

*Source for time expressions:   http://www.englishtenses.com/tenses/past_simple

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