TOEFL Intermediate Vocabulary List
TOEFL Intermediate Vocabulary List
Absurdly – Adverb – Ridiculously, unreasonably
The man laughed absurdly and the joke wasn’t even funny.
Abuse – Verb – To injure, damage or improperly use
It is wrong to abuse animals.
Accessible – Adjective – Able to be reached
The bus is accessible to all Ann Arbor residents.
Accuracy – Noun – Correct, free from mistake
Accuracy is important when you type.
Acquire – Verb – To come into possession of, to get
I acquired my father’s car after his death.
Adapt – Verb – To make fit, often by modification, adjust
It is important to adapt your clothing to the weather.
Adjacent – Adjective – Nearby, next to
My pen is adjacent to my book.
Adjusting – Verb – Changing or resolving to conform
I am adjusting my schedule so that I can go on vacation.
Administer – Verb – To manage or supervise the use of something
I administer the office supplies at work.
Adolescent – Noun – The age between puberty and maturity, teenager
Adolescents are often sad.
Adopt – Verb – To take up or take on by choice
You should adopt a new hobby.
Adverse – Adjective – To act opposite of a direction
Most people learn from adverse situations.
Advocate – Verb – To plead in favor of (Noun – Someone who pleads in favor of)
I advocate for animal rights.
Affinity – Noun – An attraction
I have an affinity for chocolate.
Affluent – Adjective – Having an abundance
Not many tutors are affluent.
Ailment – Noun – A bodily disorder or chronic disease
What ailment do you have?
Alliance – Noun – Connection, association
I have made an alliance with my neighbors.
Allot – Verb – To give a portion
I will allot 90 minutes to our studies.
Amenities – Noun – Something that creates a feeling of comfort or convenience
The amenities in the hotel were great!
Amicable – Adjective – Peaceful, friendly
The divorce was amicable.
Amiss – Adjective – Not being right, faulty
Something is amiss in this room.
Antagonist – Noun – Adversary, opponent
Jeff is my antagonist at work.
Anticipate – Verb – To give advanced thought, treatment or feeling, to foresee
I anticipated your need for sentences.
Apathy – Noun – A lack of feeling or emotion, indifference
Apathy is common among teenagers.
Appalled – Verb – To feel shock or disgust
I am appalled by his lack of hygiene.
Appease – Verb – To pacify
I want to appease the angry man.
Aptitude – Noun – Natural ability, tendency
You have an aptitude for sports.
Aromatic – Adjective – Having a strong smell, fragrant
The candles were very aromatic.
Assets – Noun – The resources/property of a person, business or association
My house is my greatest asset.
Atmospheric – Adjective – Relating to or resembling the air surrounding the earth
The atmospheric conditions today make it seem like spring.
Attract – Verb – To draw toward oneself
My garden attracts many butterflies.
Attribute – Noun – An inherent characteristic or quality
What is your best attribute?
Audible – Adjective – Able to be heard
The TV is barely audible, please turn it up.
Augment – Verb – To make greater or more intense
It is important to augment tutoring with home study time.
Autonomous – Adjective – Self governing
Our tutoring sessions are autonomous.
Averse – Adjective – Undesirable
An averse outcome to bad weather is the flu.
Avid – Adjective – Characterized by enthusiasm
I am an avid pet owner.
Aware – Adjective – Having perception, knowledge or watchfulness
Are you aware of the noise in this room?
Awkwardly – Adverb – Lacking in grace or dexterity
I awkwardly introduced myself last night.
Beautify – Verb – To embellish or make beautiful
It is fun to beautify the house at the holidays.
Bedroom – Noun – A room furnished with a bed, intended primarily for sleeping (Adjective – Suggestive of sexual relations)
Behave – Verb – To conduct yourself properly
It is important for children to behave in public.
Betrayed – Verb – To fail a trust or promise, a traitor
Divorce is common if a person is betrayed by their spouse.
Binoculars – Noun – An instrument for seeing far off objects
You should use binoculars to watch birds.
Bipartisan – Adjective – Involving members of two opposing parties
Issues like the environment should be bipartisan.
Birthday – Noun – The day of a person’s birth
My birthday is April 5th.
Blizzard – Noun – Severe snowstorm
We only had one blizzard this winter.
Bounce – Verb – To cause to rebound
Children like to bounce balls.
Boundary – Noun – A separating line, something that indicates fixed limits
The US and Canada share a boundary.
Bountiful – Adjective – Having a lot, plentiful
Trees are bountiful in Ann Arbor.
Brief – Adjective – Short length or duration, concise (Noun – official letter/ruling)
Give a brief summary of this book.
Bright – Adjective – Shiny or intelligent
The sun is very bright.
Brilliant – Adjective – Distinctively bright
No, the sun isn’t bright, it’s brilliant.
Brink – Noun – The top edge of a steep place
I am at the brink of the cliff.
Calculate – Verb – To solve or figure out through math
You need to calculate your taxes before April 15th.
Callous – Adjective – Hardened or thick skinned
I have a callous on my hand.
Capitulate – Verb – To give up or cease resisting
I will never capitulate to people who are dishonest.
Catastrophic – Adjective – The final dramatic or tragic event
The death of a child is catastrophic.
Celebrate – Verb – To observe an occasion or holiday with festivities
What holidays do you celebrate?
Cessation – Noun – To stop
Smoking cessation products are expensive.
Chagrin – Noun – Distressed by humiliation, disappointment or failure
My dog is chagrin when he gets in trouble.
Chaos – Noun – A state of confused disorganization
The office is in chaos since the secretary quit.
Cheap – Adjective – Low in value or price
This is a cheap piece of furniture.
Chore – Noun – A routine task or job
Many children have chores around the house.
Chronology – Noun –The science of arranging in order of occurrence
Tell me the chronology of your journey to America.
Circumvent – Verb – To avoid or bypass often in decision making
Don’t try to circumvent your boss.
Citrus – Noun – The group of fruits that includes oranges, lemons, grapefruit, etc.
Did you plant that citrus tree?
Clarify – Verb – To make understood
Let me clarify what I meant.
Classified – Verb – To arrange in categories
I classified all my clothes by colors.
Classroom – Noun – A place where classes meet
We don’t meet in a classroom.
Claustrophobia – Noun – Extreme or abnormal fear of being in small spaces
Claustrophobia effects many people.
Cliché – Noun – A common phrase or expression
“I’m sorry” is such a cliché.
Clientele – Noun – A group of clients
My clientele is not rich.
Coax – Verb – To gently influence by flattery
I tried to coax my dog out in the rain.
Coin – Noun – Metallic money (Verb – To create or invent)
I coined a new type of refrigerator.
Collaborate – Verb – To work with others, usually in an intellectual endeavor
We should collaborate on the direction of your studies.
Collate – Verb – To collect, compile or arrange in order
I collated the documents.
Combat – Verb – To struggle against or fight
I want to combat mosquitoes in my yard.
Commendable – Adjective — Praiseworthy
Your work is commendable.
Commuter – Noun – Someone in the act of traveling
I don’t live in the dorms, I’m a commuter student.
Compare – Verb – To examine in order to find similarities and differences
You should compare prices when you shop.
Compatible – Adjective – Able to exist in harmony
Are you and your wife compatible?
Compete – Verb – To strive for an object or win, such as position, profit or prize
Will you compete in the Olympics this year?
Complacent – Adjective – Unconcerned
Tutors are not complacent about their teaching.
Complement – Noun – Counterpart, something that makes perfect or completes
You spouse is your greatest complement.
Complexity – Noun – The quality of being complicated
The complexity of your vocabulary is impressive.
Compliant – Adjective – To conform to another’s wishes, to obey
You are a compliant student.
Compliment – Noun – A flattering remark, expression of esteem, respect
May I compliment you on your food.
Component – Noun – A part or piece
Only one component on the refrigerator is broken.
Comprehendible – Adjective – Able to be understood
All these sentences are comprehendible.
Concentrate – Verb – To gather or collect focus
You must concentrate when the TV is on.
Concise – Adjective – Brief or succinct, not detailed
Please be concise in explaining your job.
Confer – Verb – To consult or come together to compare opinions
I will confer with my family before making plans.
Confide – Verb – To trust or share secrets
You should confide in your spouse.
Consensus – Noun – Group agreement on a belief
The consensus is that we should not use workbooks.
Consequent – Adjective – Following as a result of or effect of
My consequent actions are your fault.
Conservative – Adjective – Tending to maintain existing conditions, traditional
Republicans are conservatives.
Consistent – Adjective – Free from irregularity
You must be consistent when you vote.
Consolidate – Verb – To unite or join together
If partners consolidate their assets, they can often afford early retirement.
Consumed – Verb – To eat or drink or use up, often in great quantity
I consumed half the cake on my birthday.
Contentment – Noun – Free from care or discomfort
I am content to own a home.
Contrary – Noun – The opposite
Contrary to popular belief, not all Americans are Christians.
Controversy – Noun – A disagreement, dispute
The controversy over gay marriage will be important in November.
Corrosion – Noun – The process of gradual wear
The corrosion on my car is causing it to look badly.
Council – Noun – A group elected or appointed as an administrative body
I am a member of the city council.
Counsel – Verb – To advise or give suggestion
I would counsel you to attend University of Michigan.
Covenant – Noun – A promise or agreement
I made a covenant with my friend to call her at every birthday.
Create – Verb – To produce or invent
I like to create lavish meals.
Critical – Adjective – Inclined to unfavorable judgement
Please do not be critical of your children.
Crucial – Adjective — Essential
This is a crucial point in your lesson.
Cuisine – Noun – A style of cooking
I enjoy restaurants that serve Italian cuisine.
Culminate – Verb – To reach a decisive point
Our lesson will culminate in improving your English.
Currently – Adverb – Happening now
Currently, I have only 3 students.
Cynical – Adjective – An attitude that is distrustful of life and human nature
I am not a cynical person.
Damage – Noun – Loss or harm resulting from injury to person, property or reputation
Please don’t damage the library book.
Debris – Noun – The remains of something broken down or destroyed; ruins
Carry the debris out to the garbage.
Decade – Noun – A period of ten years
It has been a decade since I’ve seen my friend.
Deceased – Adjective – Not living
My father is deceased.
Deed – Noun – A notable act, a feat
My deeds will make me famous.
Deficiency – Noun – Not up to the normal standard, defective, inadequate
His deficiency is well known.
Delete – Verb – To eliminate or erase
You should delete those files.
Deliberately – Adjective — Intentionally
I did not deliberately drop the box.
Dependent – Adjective – Relying on another for support
I am not dependent on anyone.
Deplorable – Adjective – Bad or awful
His deplorable actions caused a fight.
Despite – Preposition – In spite of or without regard to
Despite my worry, nothing bad happened.
Detrimental – Adjective – Harmful
Cocaine is detrimental to your health.
Devastate – Verb – To ruin or reduce to chaos
War devastated my home town.
Devised – Verb – To plot or invent
We must devise a way to win the election.
Dichotomy – Noun – A division into two opposing groups
There is a dichotomy between my beliefs and yours.
Diet – Noun – Food and drink regularly consumed (Verb – To eat and drink
sparingly in order to lose weight)
My diet consists of vegetables, meats, fruit and dairy.
Dilemma – Noun – A choice or situation involving equally unsatisfactory alternatives
You will have a dilemma if you are accepted to two schools.
Diligent – Adjective – Earnest, steady effort
I will be diligent in studying for the TOEFL.
Direct – Verb – To show, point out or encourage to move
Please direct me to the bathroom.
Disconcerting – Adjective – Upset or lose composure
It is disconcerting that diligence doesn’t always help.
Dispense – Verb – To give out a portion
Please dispense the papers to the class.
Disperse – Verb – To spread, break up or distribute
Please disperse these seeds in the garden.
Disposal – Noun – To have on hand or available
Diet Pepsi is always at my disposal.
Disreputable – Adjective – Having a negative reputation
Many employers are disreputable.
Dissent – Verb – To differ in opinion
There was dissent among the employees.
Dissolve – Verb – To make into a solution, to melt
Dissolve the powder in water before serving.
Donate – Verb – To make a gift, most often to a public or charitable cause
Do you donate your time as a volunteer?
Dough – Noun – A mixture of flour and other ingredients stiff enough to hold a
shape (slang for money)
The bakery makes several kinds of dough every morning.
Drag – Verb – To pull slowly or heavily
I had to drag myself out of bed this morning.
Drugstore – Noun – Pharmacy, a place where you buy medicine
I work at a drugstore.
Easygoing – Adjective – Comfortable, unhurried, taking life easy
I appreciate easygoing people.
Economical – Adjective – Careful or efficient use of resources
It is economical to read the newspaper while riding the bus.
Effect – Noun – The accomplishment of a desired impression
You had quite an effect on the party.
Efficient – Adjective – Productive without waste
My boss is very efficient.
Elapse – Verb – To pass or slip away
The time elapsed to bring the felon to justice.
Elderly – Adjective – Old, past middle age
My mother is elderly.
Elicit – Verb – To draw out or request
I will elicit information from the employees.
Eliminate – Verb – To get rid of
You should eliminate all worry from your mind or you won’t get any sleep.
Elite – Noun – Socially or financially superior minority group
My University is very elite.
Emigrate – Verb – To leave one’s home or country for a life elsewhere
I emigrated from Turkey.
Encroach – Verb – To advance past the usual limits, to trespass
The border of Israel is encroaching upon Palastine.
Enhance – Verb – To make greater
I want to enhance my vocabulary.
Entice – Verb – To tempt, arouse hope or desire
Can I entice you to buy cookies?
Equitable – Adjective – Exhibiting fairness
My pay is not equitable to the other employees.
Escalate – Verb – To increase in volume or intensity
I don’t want our argument to escalate.
Evasive – Adjective – Tending to avoid
Criminals are evasive.
Exceed – Verb – To go above or beyond the expected limit
The total exceeds my ability to pay.
Excluded – Verb – To stop from participating
Women are excluded from being Priest.
Exhilaration – Noun – Feeling of extreme excitement
I was exhilarated during the last football game.
Exit – Noun – A way out of an enclosed place
The exit is at the rear of the building.
Exotic – Adjective – excitingly different or unusual, not native
The woman is very exotic.
Explicit – Adjective – Unreserved and unambiguous, free from vagueness
I was explicit in my directions.
Extravagant – Adjective – Excessively elaborate
I made an extravagant purchase today.
Fad – Noun – A practice or interest followed for a short time with exaggerated
These jeans are a fad.
Fee – Noun – A fixed charge for an item or service
There is a fee for the taxi.
Ferocious – Adjective – Exhibiting fierceness and the potential for violence
Few dogs are ferocious.
Fierce – Adjective – Aggressive, vehement
We had a fierce discussion about the President’s decision.
Fire – Noun – Combustion; that which is burning
There is a fire in the fireplace.
Fitness – Noun – Physically sound or healthy
You are of average fitness.
Flirtatious – Adjective – Inclined to show superficial interest or liking
My husband is not flirtatious.
Form – Noun – A document with blank spaces for the insertion of required information (Verb – To shape or mold)
Please form a line behind the cash register.
Formerly – Adverb – Previously
I formerly lived in Ann Arbor.
Forte – Noun – One’s strong point or niche
The game of poker is not my forte.
Forthcoming – Adjective – About to appear
My ideas are forthcoming.
Frequently – Adverb – Often, commonly
I frequently drink diet Pepsi.
Frugal – Adjective – Economically spending resources
I am very frugal with my money.
Furnace – Noun – A mechanical device in a home which produces heat
My furnace has never broken down.
Furthermore – Adverb – In addition to what precedes
Furthermore, I believe the animal will die.
Futile – Adjective – Of no useful purpose
It is futile to try and save this animal.
Gap – Noun – A break or space between a barrier
There is a gap in the fence.
Gourmet – Noun – An expert in food and wine
He is a French gourmet.
Gracious – Adjective – Marked by kindness and courtesy
Your invitation was very gracious.
Grandparent – Noun – The parents of your parents
My grandparents are not living.
Grievous – Adjective – Serious, grave, oppressive
Many customers have grievous concerns about this restaurant.
Habitat – Noun – The place or type of area where a plant or animal normally lives
The wolf’s habitat is being distroyed.
Halt – Verb – To stop
The deputy told me to halt before putting on the handcuffs.
Hazardous – Adjective – Risky or potentially dangerous
Driving can be hazardous in the winter.
Humble – Adjective – Not proud, not arrogant
The humble person often learns the most.
Ideal – Noun – A standard of perfection, beauty or excellence
A two hour class would be my ideal.
Illicit – Adjective – Outside the law
Do you sell illicit drugs?
Illiterate – Adjective – Unable to read or write
How many adults are illiterate in your country?
Illusion – Noun – A misleading image or vision
There is an illusion that all Americans are wealthy.
Immigrate – Verb – To enter and become established, often in a country where you are
not a native
I want to immigrate to the US.
Immobile – Adjective – Unable to move
You should stay immobile while I throw this knife.
Immodest – Adjective – Indecent, not dressing or behaving in the proper way
When you dress immodestly, men get the wrong idea.
Impartial – Adjective – Not biased, treating all equally
It is important to have an impartial judge.
Impasse – Noun – A problem with no obvious conclusion
We came to an impasse at the meeting.
Impediment – Noun – Something that interferes or slows progress
A boyfriend can be an impediment to studying.
Imperfect – Adjective – Not flawless; with defect
This county is imperfect, like all others.
Impetuous – Adjective – Forceful, impulsive or unpredictable in movement or action
Many young people are impetuous with their money.
Implement – Verb – To accomplish or carry out
I would like to implement a new rule.
Implicit – Adjective – Being without doubt or reserve, unquestioning
Honesty is an implicit aspect of my character.
Imply – Verb – To express indirectly
Are you implying that I lied?
Impolite – Adjective – Not following social expectations, rude
It is impolite to lie.
Impossible – Adjective – Not able to occur, unable to be done, hopeless
It is impossible to get a perfect score on the TOEFL.
Impractical – Adjective – Not wise or sensible
It is impractical to have a car for every member of the family.
Improper – Adjective – Not in accordance with right procedure
It would be improper to be flirtatious with your boss’ wife.
Inability – Noun – Lacking sufficient resources or capacity
Sometimes I have an inability to pay my bills.
Inactive – Adjective – Sedentary, not moving
My mom is very inactive during the winter months.
Inadequate – Adjective – Not sufficient
I feel my explanation was inadequate.
Incalculable – Adjective – Not able to predict
There is an incalculable cost to legalizing abortion.
Incapable – Adjective – Lacking ability
I am incapable of learning Chinese.
Incentive – Noun – Something that encourages an action or behavior
I’ll give you an incentive to do a better job.
Incessant – Adjective – Continuous without interruption
The garrulous woman spoke incessantly.
Incoherent – Adjective – Disorganized, lacking in continuity, unable to understand
If you are very sick, you may become incoherent.
Incompetent – Adjective – Not effective, inadequate
I am not incompetent.
Indicative – Adjective – Serving as a sign or symbol
A cough is indicative of a cold.
Indisputable – Adjective – Not able to argue or question
The win was indisputable.
Inept – Adjective – Unfit, lacking in fitness or aptitude, incompetent
My secretary is very inept.
Inequitable – Adjective — Unfair
The pay raise was inequitable.
Inevitable – Adjective – Unable to be avoided or evaded
It is inevitable that you will die.
Infallible – Adjective – Incapable of error
The Bible is said to be infallible.
Infection – Noun – Contamination often resulting from injury
I do not have an infection.
Inflexible – Adjective – Not easily moved or bent
Many older people are inflexible.
Infringe – Verb – To encroach or trespass
I don’t want to infringe on your space, but can I set my pop here?
Infuriate – Verb – To make extremely angry
My son infuriates me when he comes home late.
Initiate – Verb – To facilitate the beginning of
I will initiate you into Washtenaw Literacy.
Innovation – Noun – Introduction of something new
This innovation will help the company.
Insert – Verb – To put, add or thrust in
I’d like to insert one idea.
Instability – Noun – Being not permanent, reliable or consistent; easily collapsed
Instability in a building can be caused by fire or earthquake.
Insurgent – Noun – A person who revolts against an established authority
The insurgent killed many police.
Intend – Verb – Signify or mean
I intend to complain to your manager.
Interacting – Verb – To act on each other
I enjoy interacting with people from other countries.
Interim – Adverb – Temporary, the time between two things
In the interim, I will read.
Interrupt – Verb – To stop by breaking in
I don’t mean to interrupt, but can I ask a question now?
Intimate – Adjective – Close association, contact or familiarity
My friends know the most intimate details of my life.
Intricate – Adjective – Complicated; having many parts
Your necklace is very intricate!
Introduction – Noun – The act or process of a first time presentation
I like an introduction to your family.
Inundate – Verb – To overwhelm or overflow
I am inundated at work so won’t be home until late tonight.
Invincible – Adjective – Unable to be conquered
Many heroes seem invincible.
Irreparable – Adjective – Not able to fix
You have done irreparable damage to the car.
Irresistible – Adjective – Not able to stop the effect of
Babies are irresistible.
Join – Verb – To connect or put together
You should join a gym.
Judicious – Adverb – Having or exercising careful thinking or opinion
Use a judicious amount of garlic when cooking.
Label – Noun – An attached paper offering identification or description
The label says there are 14 servings in the box.
Lack – Verb – To be without
I lack the skill to connect the electricity in the house.
Landlord – Noun – The owner of a property which is rented
My landlord is very fair.
Landmark – Noun – A conspicuous object on land that marks a place
The Quad is a landmark on campus.
Lease – Noun – The contract showing a rental agreement
Do you have a lease for your apartment?
Legislate – Verb – To make or enact laws
We often legislate moral decisions.
Lenient – Adjective – Of mild or tolerant disposition
My parents were very lenient when I was young.
Litigation – Noun – A legal contest
Litigation is very expensive.
Lobster – Noun – Edible seafood with big claws
I love lobster ravioli.
Longevity – Noun – The length of life
Longevity can be increased by proper diet and exercise.
Lucrative – Adjective – Producing well, profitable
A career in law is very lucrative.
Luxurious – Adjective – Giving unrestrained gratification of the senses
The luxurious hotels are always the most expensive.
Marked – Verb – To designate boundaries
He marked the yard with a string.
Market – Noun – A meeting place for the purpose of trade or selling
I went to the market to buy a rug.
Mastermind – Noun – A person who supplies the creative intelligence to a project
I am the mastermind of our group.
Mature – Adjective – Beyond the growth phase of life; ripe; adult
The tree is not mature yet.
Mean – Verb – Intend to convey
I was meaning to tell you the answer but I forgot.
Meander – Verb – To wander
I like to meander when I shop.
Measure – Verb – To learn the dimensions of an object or space
You should measure twice, cut once.
Mediocre – Adjective – Of average quality; ordinary
It is better to be bad at something than mediocre.
Memory – Noun – The process of recalling what has been learned
My memory is not as good as it used to be.
Militant – Adjective – Actively aggressive; combative
Some countries are more militant than others.
Minute – Noun – A measure of time equaling 60 seconds
Cook the rice for 6 minutes.
Monitor – Verb – To watch, observe or check; to keep track of
You should monitor a sick child.
Monosyllabic – Adjective – One syllable, conspicuously brief
Teenagers will often use monosyllabic speech.
Monotheist – Noun – A person who believes in one God
Many religions are monotheistic.
Multilingual – Adjective – Having more than one language
Did you receive a multilingual education?
Muted – Adjective – Silent or subdued
The colors are very muted.
Nanny – Noun – A person employed to care for children
Nannies are expensive.
Negate – Verb – To deny the truth or existence of
I don’t want to negate you idea, but it is wrong.
Negligent – Adjective – Typically careless or deficient in performing duties
I was negligent in not adding more water to the pot.
Nevertheless – Adverb – In spite of, however
Nevertheless, I like bright colors.
Newspaper – Noun – A collection of news, articles and advertising printed and
distributed typically on a daily basis
Do you read a newspaper everyday?
Nonchalant – Adjective – Unworried, unconcerned
I don’t know how you can be so nonchalant about your score.
Notorious – Adjective – Generally known and talked about; implies negative
My father was notorious for his wit.
Obituary – Noun – The notice of a person’s death, usually includes a short biographical
Did you read the obituary in today’s paper?
Object – Noun – Any thing, noun (Verb – To offer an opposing view)
Move that object over here.
Obnoxious – Adjective — Disgusting
My neighbor is so obnoxious.
Observe – Verb – To inspect or take note of
Did you observe the man stealing the money?
Occur – Verb – To take place or happen
It occurred on April 5th, 1975.
Ostentatious – Adjective – Often engaging in a showy or conspicuous display
The jewelry is very ostentatious.
Ought – Auxiliary Verb – Used to express obligation
You ought to rake your lawn this week.
Overdo – Verb – To do in excess
Don’t overdo it when you are sick.
Overgrown – Verb – To grow or expand beyond the normal limits
The bush is overgrown.
Pace – Verb – To proceed at a measured speed
Be sure to pace yourself or you will run out of energy before you have completed
Palatial – Adjective – Magnificent, suitable to a palace
Weber’s is a palatial hotel.
Pamper – Verb – To treat with extreme care and attention
You should pamper children when they are sick.
Panacea – Noun – A cure all; a remedy for all difficulties
Money is not a panacea.
Paramount – Adjective – Superior to all others; supreme
The paramount hotel in Ann Arbor is Weber’s.
Participants – Noun – People who take part in an activity
Participants in English class are often happy.
Passive – Adjective – Acted upon, the opposite of active
I passively waited for the bus.
Pastime – Noun – Something that makes the passing of time fun
Reading is one of my favorite pastimes.
Pathetic – Adjective – Identified by sorrow or melancholy
This is a pathetic attempt at a joke.
Pentagon – Noun – A five-sided object (the building housing the U.S. military in
Have you seen the Pentagon?
Perimeter – Noun – The boundary or outer limits
The perimeter measures 14 feet, 7 inches.
Permeate – Verb – To spread throughout
The odor of garlic permeates the kitchen when you cook.
Personable – Adjective – A pleasing character or human; agreeable
You are very personable.
Pertinent – Adjective – Having importance or clear relevance
This idea is not pertinent to our problem.
Placidly – Adverb – Free from interruption or disturbance; quietly
I placidly waited for the bus.
Polytheist – Noun – A person who believes in multiple Gods
Few people are polytheists.
Potency – Noun – Being forceful or powerful
The potency of my soup has not been tasted.
Potpourri – Noun – A scented mixture of flowers, herbs and spices
Do you like potpourri?
Precedence – Noun – The priority of importance
There is no precedence for giving you vacation.
Predecessor – Noun – The person who previously occupied a position or office
My predecessor was a good organizer.
Predicament – Noun – A difficult, confusing or trying situation
My predicament is causing me to lose sleep at night.
Predict – Verb – To foretell or declare in advance
I often can predict the weather.
Pride – Noun – A reasonable or justifiable self respect
Pride can be unbecoming.
Processing – Verb – Gradual changing to produce a particular result
I am processing your request.
Profound – Adjective – Having intellectual depth and insight
This idea is profound.
Prohibit – Verb – To forbid by authority
You should prohibit the children from jumping on the bed.
Prolific – Adjective – Productive or fruitful
He is a prolific writer.
Proponents – Noun – One who argues in favor of something; advocate
I am a proponent of animal rights.
Propose – Verb – To offer up a suggestion
I’d like to propose a solution.
Provocation – Noun – The act of stimulating
The provocation for my anger was the newspaper acticle.
Punch – Verb – To strike or hit with a fist
You should not punch people.
Qualify – Verb – To meet eligibility requirements
Do you qualify for financial aid?
Question – Noun – An expression used to test knowledge or improve understanding
My question is this….
Rapport – Noun – A relationship marked by comfort and harmony
I have a good rapport with my relatives.
Ravage – Verb – To be violent and destructive
My dog ravaged my garden this summer.
Reasonable – Adjective – Realistic, moderate or fair
This is a reasonable price.
Receive – Verb – To acquire or come into the possession of
Did you receive my email?
Recognize – Verb – To identify as something previously known
I recognize your handwriting.
Recommend – Verb – To suggest as worthy or competent
I recommend that you try watching TV.
Refer – Verb – To have a connection to; related
You should refer him to your manager.
Refuse – Verb – To be unwilling to accept
You should refuse to work on Sundays.
Reimbursement – Noun – To repay someone for the equivalent amount spent
I expect reimbursement for these expenses.
Rejuvenating – Verb – To restore to a younger or newer state
A bath can be very rejuvenating.
Relentless – Adjective — Persistent
My cat is relentless when she wants attention.
Reply – Verb – To respond in words or writing
Please reply to my emails.
Require – Verb – To demand as necessary
You are required to show ID.
Resilient – Adjective – Tending to recover or adjust easily; capable of withstanding
Children are very resilient.
Reverberate – Verb – To echo
The sound reverberates in my room.
Review – Verb – To look at a second time
We should review the vocabulary.
Roommate – Noun – A person you share housing with
Most people have a roommate during college.
Roots – Noun – The original source or underground part of a plant or tree
The roots of the tree are huge.
Rotation – Noun – The act of turning on an axis or center
The rotation of your tires is important.
Rudimentary – Adjective – Consisting of the first or primary principles
Spelling is rudimentary to writing.
Ruthless – Adjective – Having no compassion for the misery of others; without
My boss is ruthless in his business practices.
Sage – Noun/Adjective – Someone who is wise through reflection/experience
In all your sage knowledge, what is the meaning of life?
Sane – Adjective – Antonym of crazy
The crazy man said, “you are wrong, I am sane!”
Sardonic – Adjective – Mocking; disdainfully humorous; sarcastic
I don’t appreciate your sardonic joke!
Scold – Verb – To rebuke or reproach; to find fault in words
I scolded my daughter for telling a lie.
Screwdriver – Noun – A hand held tool
Give me a screwdriver to fix this box.
Segregation – Noun – The separation or isolation of people based on race, class
or ethnic group
Segregation has been illegal in the US since the fifties.
Select – Verb – To pick one out; to choose
Please select 15 words to study.
Semblance – Noun – The outward appearance of
There is a semblance of order in most classrooms.
Sense – Verb – To become aware of; to detect
Do you sense that something is wrong with the car?
Separate – Verb – To sort or divide
We should separate people according to height.
Share – Verb – To grant or give a portion
It is important for children to share their toys with other kids.
Shipyard – Noun – A place where boats are built or repaired
The dock is near the shipyard.
Skeptical – Adjective – Characterized by an attitude of doubt or uncertainty
I am skeptical of all “get rich quick” deals.
Soaring – Verb — Flying
The soaring bird was very graceful.
Solidify – Verb – To make solid, compact or hard
We will solidify our relationship by marrying.
Sometimes – Adverb – Now and then; occasionally
Sometimes I like to eat fish.
Stabilize – Verb – To make firm or permanent
You should stabilize the bed before crawling under it.
Stamina – Noun – Endurance or staying power
You must have stamina to run a marathon.
Stereotype – Noun – A general opinion of members of a particular group that
represents an oversimplified attitude
The stereotype of Americans is that we are all rich.
Stirred – Verb – A slight movement that mixes, agitates or provokes
Please stir the ingredients in this bowl.
Strenuously – Adjective – Vigorously active; calls for stamina
I strenuously object to your use of vocabulary.
Strip – Verb – To remove a covering
Please strip the paint off this chair.
Submissive – Adjective – Submitting to others; tame
Most woman are expected to be submissive to their husbands.
Subtle – Adjective – A small difference; delicate
The subtle taste of pork in the dinner was overlooked.
Suffice – Verb – To satisfy a need; to be sufficient
Suffice it to say, you have worked hard to pass toefl.
Superficial – Adjective – Of or relating to the surface; shallow
My relationship with him is very superficial.
Superstition – Noun – A belief or practice resulting from ignorance, fear, trust in
magic or chance
Many Americans believe the superstition that 13 is an unlucky number.
Supervisor – Noun – A person who is responsible for directing workers; boss
My supervisor is very nice.
Survive – Verb – To remain alive
I survived the car accident without injury.
Synopsis – Noun – A condensed version
Please give a synopsis of the book you read.
Taint – Verb – To spoil or corrupt
The cheese tastes tainted.
Temporary – Adjective – Lasting a short time; opposite of permanent
My job is only temporary.
Tenacious – Adjective – Strong or tough; not easily distracted or confused
Many wild animals are tenacious.
Timid – Adjective – Lacking in boldness or self confidence
Many children are timid around adults.
Tolerate – Verb – To endure without injury or contradiction
I will not tolerate your behavior.
Toxic – Adjective — Poisonous
This cleaning fluid is toxic.
Traditional – Adjective – Handed down through generations
This is our traditional Thanksgiving dinner.
Transplant – Verb – To remove from one place and settle in to another
I need to transplant this tree to another spot in the yard.
Transport – Verb – To move or carry away
There are many ways to transport people across the country.
Treat – Verb – To deal with or handle
I will treat you with respect only if you respect me.
Tremble – Verb – To shake or shiver involuntarily
When I am frightened, I tremble.
Tremendous – Adjective – Astonishing by reason of extreme greatness,
excellence, size or power
You have made me tremendously happy.
Ultimately – Adverb – In the end; finally
Ultimately, you will learn English.
Uncompromising – Adjective – Inflexible; not willing to make concessions
I am uncompromising in my expectations that you study at home.
Underground – Noun – A space below the earth’s surface
The mole made an underground tunnel.
Unerring – Adjective – Without mistakes; faultless
Many people believe the bible is unerring.
Unfortunately – Adverb – In an unlucky way
Unfortunately, I had a car accident today.
Unilateral – Adjective – Done by one person or party
The US often makes unilateral decisions.
Unlikely – Adjective — Improbable
It is unlikely to have two car accidents in one week.
Urban – Adjective – Of or relating to the city
I live in an urban area.
Use – Verb – The act of employing something
May I use your pen?
Vague – Adjective – Not clearly defined; not having a precise meaning
There is a vague difference between “vague” and “subtle”.
Vast – Adjective – Great in size, amount or degree
The US is vast.
Vehement – Adjective – Intensely emotional
I am vehement about freedom of speech.
Versatility – Noun – The quality of being able to change quickly
Versatility is important in business.
Vogue – Noun – That which is fashionable or popular
This outfit is very vogue. I wonder if it will be popular in two years?
Volatile – Adjective – Tending to erupt in violence
Relationships between rival sports teams can be volatile.
Warn – Verb – To predict or give notice of a danger
I tried to warn you that the box would fall.
Weekend – Noun – The period between the close of one work week and the
beginning of the next
We are going to a football game this weekend.
Welcome – Verb – To greet or receive gladly
They made us feel very welcome.
Wholesome – Adjective – Good or sound in body, mind or morals
This TV show is very wholesome.
Widespread – Adjective – Widely spread out; greatly diffused
There was widespread damage from the forest fires.
Wield – Verb – To handle or manage
My boss wields power like an insane person.
Wildlife – Noun – Living things that are not human or domesticated
We saw much wildlife in the park.
Wonders – Noun – Anything that causes astonishment or admiration
There are many wonders to see in the US.
Worker – Noun – A person who is paid for manual labor
I am a worker at an assembly plant in Chelsea.
Worthwhile – Adjective – Having value equal to the time or money spent
The ESL groups are a worthwhile venture.
Zeal – Noun – Eager and ardent interest in pursuit of something; passion
There is zeal for missionary work at many churches.