TOEFL Intermediate Vocabulary List

TOEFL Intermediate Vocabulary List


Absurdly – Adverb – Ridiculously, unreasonably

The man laughed absurdly and the joke wasn’t even funny.


Abuse – Verb – To injure, damage or improperly use

It is wrong to abuse animals.


Accessible – Adjective – Able to be reached

The bus is accessible to all Ann Arbor residents.


Accuracy – Noun – Correct, free from mistake

Accuracy is important when you type.


Acquire – Verb – To come into possession of, to get

I acquired my father’s car after his death.


Adapt – Verb – To make fit, often by modification, adjust

It is important to adapt your clothing to the weather.


Adjacent – Adjective – Nearby, next to

My pen is adjacent to my book.

Adjusting – Verb – Changing or resolving to conform

I am adjusting my schedule so that I can go on vacation.


Administer – Verb – To manage or supervise the use of something

I administer the office supplies at work.


Adolescent – Noun – The age between puberty and maturity, teenager

Adolescents are often sad.


Adopt – Verb – To take up or take on by choice

You should adopt a new hobby.


Adverse – Adjective – To act opposite of a direction

Most people learn from adverse situations.


Advocate – Verb – To plead in favor of (Noun – Someone who pleads in favor of)

I advocate for animal rights.


Affinity – Noun – An attraction

I have an affinity for chocolate.


Affluent – Adjective – Having an abundance

Not many tutors are affluent.


Ailment – Noun – A bodily disorder or chronic disease

What ailment do you have?


Alliance – Noun – Connection, association

I have made an alliance with my neighbors.


Allot – Verb – To give a portion

I will allot 90 minutes to our studies.


Amenities – Noun – Something that creates a feeling of comfort or convenience

The amenities in the hotel were great!


Amicable – Adjective – Peaceful, friendly

The divorce was amicable.


Amiss – Adjective – Not being right, faulty

Something is amiss in this room.


Antagonist – Noun – Adversary, opponent

Jeff is my antagonist at work.


Anticipate – Verb – To give advanced thought, treatment or feeling, to foresee

I anticipated your need for sentences.


Apathy – Noun – A lack of feeling or emotion, indifference

Apathy is common among teenagers.


Appalled – Verb – To feel shock or disgust

I am appalled by his lack of hygiene.


Appease – Verb – To pacify

I want to appease the angry man.


Aptitude – Noun – Natural ability, tendency

You have an aptitude for sports.


Aromatic – Adjective – Having a strong smell, fragrant

The candles were very aromatic.


Assets – Noun – The resources/property of a person, business or association

My house is my greatest asset.


Atmospheric – Adjective – Relating to or resembling the air surrounding the earth

The atmospheric conditions today make it seem like spring.


Attract – Verb – To draw toward oneself

My garden attracts many butterflies.


Attribute – Noun – An inherent characteristic or quality

          What is your best attribute?


Audible – Adjective – Able to be heard

The TV is barely audible, please turn it up.


Augment – Verb – To make greater or more intense

It is important to augment tutoring with home study time.


Autonomous – Adjective – Self governing

Our tutoring sessions are autonomous.


Averse – Adjective – Undesirable

An averse outcome to bad weather is the flu.


Avid – Adjective – Characterized by enthusiasm

I am an avid pet owner.


Aware – Adjective – Having perception, knowledge or watchfulness

Are you aware of the noise in this room?


Awkwardly – Adverb – Lacking in grace or dexterity

I awkwardly introduced myself last night.


Beautify – Verb – To embellish or make beautiful

It is fun to beautify the house at the holidays.


Bedroom – Noun – A room furnished with a bed, intended primarily for sleeping (Adjective – Suggestive of sexual relations)


Behave – Verb – To conduct yourself properly

It is important for children to behave in public.


Betrayed – Verb – To fail a trust or promise, a traitor

Divorce is common if a person is betrayed by their spouse.


Binoculars – Noun – An instrument for seeing far off objects

You should use binoculars to watch birds.


Bipartisan – Adjective – Involving members of two opposing parties

Issues like the environment should be bipartisan.


Birthday – Noun – The day of a person’s birth

My birthday is April 5th.


Blizzard – Noun – Severe snowstorm

We only had one blizzard this winter.


Bounce – Verb – To cause to rebound

Children like to bounce balls.


Boundary – Noun – A separating line, something that indicates fixed limits

The US and Canada share a boundary.


Bountiful – Adjective – Having a lot, plentiful

Trees are bountiful in Ann Arbor.


Brief – Adjective – Short length or duration, concise (Noun – official letter/ruling)

Give a brief summary of this book.


Bright – Adjective – Shiny or intelligent

The sun is very bright.


Brilliant – Adjective – Distinctively bright

No, the sun isn’t bright, it’s brilliant.


Brink – Noun – The top edge of a steep place

I am at the brink of the cliff.


Calculate – Verb – To solve or figure out through math

You need to calculate your taxes before April 15th.


Callous – Adjective – Hardened or thick skinned

I have a callous on my hand.


Capitulate – Verb – To give up or cease resisting

I will never capitulate to people who are dishonest.


Catastrophic – Adjective – The final dramatic or tragic event

The death of a child is catastrophic.


Celebrate – Verb – To observe an occasion or holiday with festivities

What holidays do you celebrate?


Cessation – Noun – To stop

Smoking cessation products are expensive.


Chagrin – Noun – Distressed by humiliation, disappointment or failure

My dog is chagrin when he gets in trouble.


Chaos – Noun – A state of confused disorganization

The office is in chaos since the secretary quit.


Cheap – Adjective – Low in value or price

This is a cheap piece of furniture.


Chore – Noun – A routine task or job

Many children have chores around the house.


Chronology – Noun –The science of arranging in order of occurrence

Tell me the chronology of your journey to America.


Circumvent – Verb – To avoid or bypass often in decision making

Don’t try to circumvent your boss.


Citrus – Noun – The group of fruits that includes oranges, lemons, grapefruit, etc.

          Did you plant that citrus tree?


Clarify – Verb – To make understood

Let me clarify what I meant.


Classified – Verb – To arrange in categories

I classified all my clothes by colors.


Classroom – Noun – A place where classes meet

We don’t meet in a classroom.


Claustrophobia – Noun – Extreme or abnormal fear of being in small spaces

Claustrophobia effects many people.


Cliché – Noun – A common phrase or expression

“I’m sorry” is such a cliché.


Clientele – Noun – A group of clients

My clientele is not rich.


Coax – Verb – To gently influence by flattery

I tried to coax my dog out in the rain.



Coin – Noun – Metallic money (Verb – To create or invent)

I coined a new type of refrigerator.

Collaborate – Verb – To work with others, usually in an intellectual endeavor

We should collaborate on the direction of your studies.

Collate – Verb – To collect, compile or arrange in order

I collated the documents.

Combat – Verb – To struggle against or fight

I want to combat mosquitoes in my yard.

Commendable – Adjective — Praiseworthy

Your work is commendable.

Commuter – Noun – Someone in the act of traveling

I don’t live in the dorms, I’m a commuter student.

Compare – Verb – To examine in order to find similarities and differences

You should compare prices when you shop.

Compatible – Adjective – Able to exist in harmony

Are you and your wife compatible?

Compete – Verb – To strive for an object or win, such as position, profit or prize

Will you compete in the Olympics this year?

Complacent – Adjective – Unconcerned

Tutors are not complacent about their teaching.

Complement – Noun – Counterpart, something that makes perfect or completes

You spouse is your greatest complement.

Complexity – Noun – The quality of being complicated

The complexity of your vocabulary is impressive.

Compliant – Adjective – To conform to another’s wishes, to obey

You are a compliant student.

Compliment – Noun – A flattering remark, expression of esteem, respect

May I compliment you on your food.

Component – Noun – A part or piece

Only one component on the refrigerator is broken.

Comprehendible – Adjective – Able to be understood

All these sentences are comprehendible.

Concentrate – Verb – To gather or collect focus

You must concentrate when the TV is on.

Concise – Adjective – Brief or succinct, not detailed

Please be concise in explaining your job.

Confer – Verb – To consult or come together to compare opinions

I will confer with my family before making plans.

Confide – Verb – To trust or share secrets

You should confide in your spouse.

Consensus – Noun – Group agreement on a belief

The consensus is that we should not use workbooks.

Consequent – Adjective – Following as a result of or effect of

My consequent actions are your fault.

Conservative – Adjective – Tending to maintain existing conditions, traditional

Republicans are conservatives.

Consistent – Adjective – Free from irregularity

You must be consistent when you vote.

Consolidate – Verb – To unite or join together

If partners consolidate their assets, they can often afford early retirement.

Consumed – Verb – To eat or drink or use up, often in great quantity

I consumed half the cake on my birthday.

Contentment – Noun – Free from care or discomfort

I am content to own a home.

Contrary – Noun – The opposite

Contrary to popular belief, not all Americans are Christians.

Controversy – Noun – A disagreement, dispute

The controversy over gay marriage will be important in November.

Corrosion – Noun – The process of gradual wear

The corrosion on my car is causing it to look badly.

Council – Noun – A group elected or appointed as an administrative body

I am a member of the city council.

Counsel – Verb – To advise or give suggestion

I would counsel you to attend University of Michigan.

Covenant – Noun – A promise or agreement

I made a covenant with my friend to call her at every birthday.

Create – Verb – To produce or invent

I like to create lavish meals.

Critical – Adjective – Inclined to unfavorable judgement

Please do not be critical of your children.

Crucial – Adjective — Essential

This is a crucial point in your lesson.

Cuisine – Noun – A style of cooking

I enjoy restaurants that serve Italian cuisine.

Culminate – Verb – To reach a decisive point

Our lesson will culminate in improving your English.

Currently – Adverb – Happening now

Currently, I have only 3 students.

Cynical – Adjective – An attitude that is distrustful of life and human nature

I am not a cynical person.

Damage – Noun – Loss or harm resulting from injury to person, property or reputation

Please don’t damage the library book.

Debris – Noun – The remains of something broken down or destroyed; ruins

Carry the debris out to the garbage.

Decade – Noun – A period of ten years

It has been a decade since I’ve seen my friend.

Deceased – Adjective – Not living

My father is deceased.

Deed – Noun – A notable act, a feat

My deeds will make me famous.

Deficiency – Noun – Not up to the normal standard, defective, inadequate

His deficiency is well known.

Delete – Verb – To eliminate or erase

You should delete those files.

Deliberately – Adjective — Intentionally

I did not deliberately drop the box.

Dependent – Adjective – Relying on another for support

I am not dependent on anyone.

Deplorable – Adjective – Bad or awful

His deplorable actions caused a fight.

Despite – Preposition – In spite of or without regard to

Despite my worry, nothing bad happened.

Detrimental – Adjective – Harmful

Cocaine is detrimental to your health.

Devastate – Verb – To ruin or reduce to chaos

War devastated my home town.

Devised – Verb – To plot or invent

We must devise a way to win the election.

Dichotomy – Noun – A division into two opposing groups

There is a dichotomy between my beliefs and yours.

Diet – Noun – Food and drink regularly consumed (Verb – To eat and drink

sparingly in order to lose weight)

My diet consists of vegetables, meats, fruit and dairy.

Dilemma – Noun – A choice or situation involving equally unsatisfactory alternatives

You will have a dilemma if you are accepted to two schools.

Diligent – Adjective – Earnest, steady effort

I will be diligent in studying for the TOEFL.

Direct – Verb – To show, point out or encourage to move

Please direct me to the bathroom.

Disconcerting – Adjective – Upset or lose composure

It is disconcerting that diligence doesn’t always help.

Dispense – Verb – To give out a portion

Please dispense the papers to the class.

Disperse – Verb – To spread, break up or distribute

Please disperse these seeds in the garden.

Disposal – Noun – To have on hand or available

Diet Pepsi is always at my disposal.

Disreputable – Adjective – Having a negative reputation

Many employers are disreputable.

Dissent – Verb – To differ in opinion

There was dissent among the employees.

Dissolve – Verb – To make into a solution, to melt

Dissolve the powder in water before serving.

Donate – Verb – To make a gift, most often to a public or charitable cause

Do you donate your time as a volunteer?

Dough – Noun – A mixture of flour and other ingredients stiff enough to hold a

shape (slang for money)

The bakery makes several kinds of dough every morning.

Drag – Verb – To pull slowly or heavily

I had to drag myself out of bed this morning.

Drugstore – Noun – Pharmacy, a place where you buy medicine

I work at a drugstore.

Easygoing – Adjective – Comfortable, unhurried, taking life easy

I appreciate easygoing people.

Economical – Adjective – Careful or efficient use of resources

It is economical to read the newspaper while riding the bus.

Effect – Noun – The accomplishment of a desired impression

You had quite an effect on the party.

Efficient – Adjective – Productive without waste

My boss is very efficient.

Elapse – Verb – To pass or slip away

The time elapsed to bring the felon to justice.

Elderly – Adjective – Old, past middle age

My mother is elderly.

Elicit – Verb – To draw out or request

I will elicit information from the employees.

Eliminate – Verb – To get rid of

You should eliminate all worry from your mind or you won’t get any sleep.

Elite – Noun – Socially or financially superior minority group

My University is very elite.

Emigrate – Verb – To leave one’s home or country for a life elsewhere

I emigrated from Turkey.

Encroach – Verb – To advance past the usual limits, to trespass

The border of Israel is encroaching upon Palastine.

Enhance – Verb – To make greater

I want to enhance my vocabulary.

Entice – Verb – To tempt, arouse hope or desire

Can I entice you to buy cookies?

Equitable – Adjective – Exhibiting fairness

My pay is not equitable to the other employees.

Escalate – Verb – To increase in volume or intensity

I don’t want our argument to escalate.

Evasive – Adjective – Tending to avoid

Criminals are evasive.

Exceed – Verb – To go above or beyond the expected limit

The total exceeds my ability to pay.

Excluded – Verb – To stop from participating

Women are excluded from being Priest.

Exhilaration – Noun – Feeling of extreme excitement

I was exhilarated during the last football game.

Exit – Noun – A way out of an enclosed place

The exit is at the rear of the building.

Exotic – Adjective – excitingly different or unusual, not native

The woman is very exotic.

Explicit – Adjective – Unreserved and unambiguous, free from vagueness

I was explicit in my directions.

Extravagant – Adjective – Excessively elaborate

I made an extravagant purchase today.

Fad – Noun – A practice or interest followed for a short time with exaggerated


These jeans are a fad.

Fee – Noun – A fixed charge for an item or service

There is a fee for the taxi.

Ferocious – Adjective – Exhibiting fierceness and the potential for violence

Few dogs are ferocious.

Fierce – Adjective – Aggressive, vehement

We had a fierce discussion about the President’s decision.

Fire – Noun – Combustion; that which is burning

There is a fire in the fireplace.

Fitness – Noun – Physically sound or healthy

You are of average fitness.

Flirtatious – Adjective – Inclined to show superficial interest or liking

My husband is not flirtatious.

Form – Noun – A document with blank spaces for the insertion of required information (Verb – To shape or mold)

Please form a line behind the cash register.

Formerly – Adverb – Previously

I formerly lived in Ann Arbor.

Forte – Noun – One’s strong point or niche

The game of poker is not my forte.

Forthcoming – Adjective – About to appear

My ideas are forthcoming.

Frequently – Adverb – Often, commonly

I frequently drink diet Pepsi.

Frugal – Adjective – Economically spending resources

I am very frugal with my money.

Furnace – Noun – A mechanical device in a home which produces heat

My furnace has never broken down.

Furthermore – Adverb – In addition to what precedes

Furthermore, I believe the animal will die.

Futile – Adjective – Of no useful purpose

It is futile to try and save this animal.

Gap – Noun – A break or space between a barrier

There is a gap in the fence.

Gourmet – Noun – An expert in food and wine

He is a French gourmet.

Gracious – Adjective – Marked by kindness and courtesy

Your invitation was very gracious.

Grandparent – Noun – The parents of your parents

My grandparents are not living.

Grievous – Adjective – Serious, grave, oppressive

Many customers have grievous concerns about this restaurant.

Habitat – Noun – The place or type of area where a plant or animal normally lives

The wolf’s habitat is being distroyed.

Halt – Verb – To stop

The deputy told me to halt before putting on the handcuffs.

Hazardous – Adjective – Risky or potentially dangerous

Driving can be hazardous in the winter.

Humble – Adjective – Not proud, not arrogant

The humble person often learns the most.

Ideal – Noun – A standard of perfection, beauty or excellence

A two hour class would be my ideal.

Illicit – Adjective – Outside the law

Do you sell illicit drugs?

Illiterate – Adjective – Unable to read or write

How many adults are illiterate in your country?

Illusion – Noun – A misleading image or vision

There is an illusion that all Americans are wealthy.

Immigrate – Verb – To enter and become established, often in a country where you are

not a native

I want to immigrate to the US.

Immobile – Adjective – Unable to move

You should stay immobile while I throw this knife.

Immodest – Adjective – Indecent, not dressing or behaving in the proper way

When you dress immodestly, men get the wrong idea.

Impartial – Adjective – Not biased, treating all equally

It is important to have an impartial judge.

Impasse – Noun – A problem with no obvious conclusion

We came to an impasse at the meeting.

Impediment – Noun – Something that interferes or slows progress

A boyfriend can be an impediment to studying.

Imperfect – Adjective – Not flawless; with defect

This county is imperfect, like all others.

Impetuous – Adjective – Forceful, impulsive or unpredictable in movement or action

Many young people are impetuous with their money.

Implement – Verb – To accomplish or carry out

I would like to implement a new rule.

Implicit – Adjective – Being without doubt or reserve, unquestioning

Honesty is an implicit aspect of my character.

Imply – Verb – To express indirectly

          Are you implying that I lied?

Impolite – Adjective – Not following social expectations, rude

It is impolite to lie.

Impossible – Adjective – Not able to occur, unable to be done, hopeless

It is impossible to get a perfect score on the TOEFL.

Impractical – Adjective – Not wise or sensible

It is impractical to have a car for every member of the family.

Improper – Adjective – Not in accordance with right procedure

It would be improper to be flirtatious with your boss’ wife.

Inability – Noun – Lacking sufficient resources or capacity

Sometimes I have an inability to pay my bills.

Inactive – Adjective – Sedentary, not moving

My mom is very inactive during the winter months.

Inadequate – Adjective – Not sufficient

I feel my explanation was inadequate.

Incalculable – Adjective – Not able to predict

There is an incalculable cost to legalizing abortion.

Incapable – Adjective – Lacking ability

I am incapable of learning Chinese.

Incentive – Noun – Something that encourages an action or behavior

I’ll give you an incentive to do a better job.

Incessant – Adjective – Continuous without interruption

The garrulous woman spoke incessantly.

Incoherent – Adjective – Disorganized, lacking in continuity, unable to understand

If you are very sick, you may become incoherent.

Incompetent – Adjective – Not effective, inadequate

I am not incompetent.

Indicative – Adjective – Serving as a sign or symbol

A cough is indicative of a cold.

Indisputable – Adjective – Not able to argue or question

The win was indisputable.

Inept – Adjective – Unfit, lacking in fitness or aptitude, incompetent

My secretary is very inept.

Inequitable – Adjective — Unfair

The pay raise was inequitable.

Inevitable – Adjective – Unable to be avoided or evaded

It is inevitable that you will die.

Infallible – Adjective – Incapable of error

The Bible is said to be infallible.

Infection – Noun – Contamination often resulting from injury

I do not have an infection.

Inflexible – Adjective – Not easily moved or bent

Many older people are inflexible.

Infringe – Verb – To encroach or trespass

I don’t want to infringe on your space, but can I set my pop here?

Infuriate – Verb – To make extremely angry

My son infuriates me when he comes home late.

Initiate – Verb – To facilitate the beginning of

I will initiate you into Washtenaw Literacy.

Innovation – Noun – Introduction of something new

This innovation will help the company.

Insert – Verb – To put, add or thrust in

I’d like to insert one idea.

Instability – Noun – Being not permanent, reliable or consistent; easily collapsed

Instability in a building can be caused by fire or earthquake.

Insurgent – Noun – A person who revolts against an established authority

The insurgent killed many police.

Intend – Verb – Signify or mean

I intend to complain to your manager.

Interacting – Verb – To act on each other

I enjoy interacting with people from other countries.

Interim – Adverb – Temporary, the time between two things

In the interim, I will read.

Interrupt – Verb – To stop by breaking in

I don’t mean to interrupt, but can I ask a question now?

Intimate – Adjective – Close association, contact or familiarity

My friends know the most intimate details of my life.

Intricate – Adjective – Complicated; having many parts

Your necklace is very intricate!

Introduction – Noun – The act or process of a first time presentation

I like an introduction to your family.

Inundate – Verb – To overwhelm or overflow

I am inundated at work so won’t be home until late tonight.

Invincible – Adjective – Unable to be conquered

Many heroes seem invincible.

Irreparable – Adjective – Not able to fix

You have done irreparable damage to the car.

Irresistible – Adjective – Not able to stop the effect of

Babies are irresistible.

Join – Verb – To connect or put together

You should join a gym.

Judicious – Adverb – Having or exercising careful thinking or opinion

Use a judicious amount of garlic when cooking.

Label – Noun – An attached paper offering identification or description

The label says there are 14 servings in the box.

Lack – Verb – To be without

I lack the skill to connect the electricity in the house.

Landlord – Noun – The owner of a property which is rented

My landlord is very fair.

Landmark – Noun – A conspicuous object on land that marks a place

The Quad is a landmark on campus.

Lease – Noun – The contract showing a rental agreement

Do you have a lease for your apartment?

Legislate – Verb – To make or enact laws

We often legislate moral decisions.

Lenient – Adjective – Of mild or tolerant disposition

My parents were very lenient when I was young.

Litigation – Noun – A legal contest

Litigation is very expensive.

Lobster – Noun – Edible seafood with big claws

I love lobster ravioli.

Longevity – Noun – The length of life

Longevity can be increased by proper diet and exercise.

Lucrative – Adjective – Producing well, profitable

A career in law is very lucrative.

Luxurious – Adjective – Giving unrestrained gratification of the senses

The luxurious hotels are always the most expensive.

Marked – Verb – To designate boundaries

He marked the yard with a string.

Market – Noun – A meeting place for the purpose of trade or selling

I went to the market to buy a rug.

Mastermind – Noun – A person who supplies the creative intelligence to a project

I am the mastermind of our group.

Mature – Adjective – Beyond the growth phase of life; ripe; adult

The tree is not mature yet.

Mean  – Verb – Intend to convey

I was meaning to tell you the answer but I forgot.

Meander – Verb – To wander

I like to meander when I shop.

Measure – Verb – To learn the dimensions of an object or space

You should measure twice, cut once.

Mediocre – Adjective – Of average quality; ordinary

It is better to be bad at something than mediocre.

Memory – Noun – The process of recalling what has been learned

My memory is not as good as it used to be.

Militant – Adjective – Actively aggressive; combative

Some countries are more militant than others.

Minute – Noun – A measure of time equaling 60 seconds

Cook the rice for 6 minutes.

Monitor – Verb – To watch, observe or check; to keep track of

You should monitor a sick child.

Monosyllabic – Adjective – One syllable, conspicuously brief

Teenagers will often use monosyllabic speech.

Monotheist – Noun – A person who believes in one God

Many religions are monotheistic.

Multilingual – Adjective – Having more than one language

Did you receive a multilingual education?

Muted – Adjective – Silent or subdued

The colors are very muted.

Nanny – Noun – A person employed to care for children

Nannies are expensive.

Negate – Verb – To deny the truth or existence of

I don’t want to negate you idea, but it is wrong.

Negligent – Adjective – Typically careless or deficient in performing duties

I was negligent in not adding more water to the pot.

Nevertheless – Adverb – In spite of, however

Nevertheless, I like bright colors.

Newspaper – Noun – A collection of news, articles and advertising printed and

distributed typically on a daily basis

Do you read a newspaper everyday?

Nonchalant – Adjective – Unworried, unconcerned

I don’t know how you can be so nonchalant about your score.

Notorious – Adjective – Generally known and talked about; implies negative

My father was notorious for his wit.

Obituary – Noun – The notice of a person’s death, usually includes a short biographical


Did you read the obituary in today’s paper?

Object – Noun – Any thing, noun (Verb – To offer an opposing view)

Move that object over here.

Obnoxious – Adjective — Disgusting

My neighbor is so obnoxious.

Observe – Verb – To inspect or take note of

Did you observe the man stealing the money?

Occur – Verb – To take place or happen

It occurred on April 5th, 1975.

Ostentatious – Adjective – Often engaging in a showy or conspicuous display

The jewelry is very ostentatious.

Ought – Auxiliary Verb – Used to express obligation

You ought to rake your lawn this week.

Overdo – Verb – To do in excess

Don’t overdo it when you are sick.

Overgrown – Verb – To grow or expand beyond the normal limits

The bush is overgrown.

Pace – Verb – To proceed at a measured speed

Be sure to pace yourself or you will run out of energy before you have completed

the task.

Palatial – Adjective – Magnificent, suitable to a palace

Weber’s is a palatial hotel.

Pamper – Verb – To treat with extreme care and attention

You should pamper children when they are sick.

Panacea – Noun – A cure all; a remedy for all difficulties

Money is not a panacea.

Paramount – Adjective – Superior to all others; supreme

The paramount hotel in Ann Arbor is Weber’s.

Participants – Noun – People who take part in an activity

Participants in English class are often happy.

Passive – Adjective – Acted upon, the opposite of active

I passively waited for the bus.

Pastime – Noun – Something that makes the passing of time fun

Reading is one of my favorite pastimes.

Pathetic – Adjective – Identified by sorrow or melancholy

This is a pathetic attempt at a joke.

Pentagon – Noun – A five-sided object (the building housing the U.S. military in

Washington, D.C.)

Have you seen the Pentagon?

Perimeter – Noun – The boundary or outer limits

The perimeter measures 14 feet, 7 inches.

Permeate – Verb – To spread throughout

The odor of garlic permeates the kitchen when you cook.

Personable – Adjective – A pleasing character or human; agreeable

You are very personable.

Pertinent – Adjective – Having importance or clear relevance

This idea is not pertinent to our problem.

Placidly – Adverb – Free from interruption or disturbance; quietly

I placidly waited for the bus.

Polytheist – Noun – A person who believes in multiple Gods

Few people are polytheists.

Potency – Noun – Being forceful or powerful

The potency of my soup has not been tasted.

Potpourri – Noun – A scented mixture of flowers, herbs and spices

Do you like potpourri?

Precedence – Noun – The priority of importance

There is no precedence for giving you vacation.

Predecessor – Noun – The person who previously occupied a position or office

My predecessor was a good organizer.

Predicament – Noun – A difficult, confusing or trying situation

My predicament is causing me to lose sleep at night.

Predict – Verb – To foretell or declare in advance

I often can predict the weather.

Pride – Noun – A reasonable or justifiable self respect

Pride can be unbecoming.

Processing – Verb – Gradual changing to produce a particular result

I am processing your request.

Profound – Adjective – Having intellectual depth and insight

This idea is profound.

Prohibit – Verb – To forbid by authority

You should prohibit the children from jumping on the bed.

Prolific – Adjective – Productive or fruitful

He is a prolific writer.

Proponents – Noun – One who argues in favor of something; advocate

I am a proponent of animal rights.

Propose – Verb – To offer up a suggestion

I’d like to propose a solution.

Provocation – Noun – The act of stimulating

The provocation for my anger was the newspaper acticle.

Punch – Verb – To strike or hit with a fist

You should not punch people.

Qualify – Verb – To meet eligibility requirements

Do you qualify for financial aid?

Question – Noun – An expression used to test knowledge or improve understanding

My question is this….

Rapport – Noun – A relationship marked by comfort and harmony

I have a good rapport with my relatives.

Ravage – Verb – To be violent and destructive

My dog ravaged my garden this summer.

Reasonable – Adjective – Realistic, moderate or fair

This is a reasonable price.

Receive – Verb – To acquire or come into the possession of

Did you receive my email?

Recognize – Verb – To identify as something previously known

I recognize your handwriting.

Recommend – Verb – To suggest as worthy or competent

I recommend that you try watching TV.

Refer – Verb – To have a connection to; related

You should refer him to your manager.

Refuse – Verb – To be unwilling to accept

You should refuse to work on Sundays.

Reimbursement – Noun – To repay someone for the equivalent amount spent

I expect reimbursement for these expenses.

Rejuvenating – Verb – To restore to a younger or newer state

A bath can be very rejuvenating.

Relentless – Adjective — Persistent

My cat is relentless when she wants attention.

Reply – Verb – To respond in words or writing

Please reply to my emails.

Require – Verb – To demand as necessary

You are required to show ID.

Resilient – Adjective – Tending to recover or adjust easily; capable of withstanding


Children are very resilient.

Reverberate – Verb – To echo

The sound reverberates in my room.

Review – Verb – To look at a second time

We should review the vocabulary.

Roommate – Noun – A person you share housing with

Most people have a roommate during college.

Roots – Noun – The original source or underground part of a plant or tree

The roots of the tree are huge.

Rotation – Noun – The act of turning on an axis or center

The rotation of your tires is important.

Rudimentary – Adjective – Consisting of the first or primary principles

Spelling is rudimentary to writing.

Ruthless – Adjective – Having no compassion for the misery of others; without


My boss is ruthless in his business practices.

Sage – Noun/Adjective – Someone who is wise through reflection/experience

In all your sage knowledge, what is the meaning of life?

Sane – Adjective – Antonym of crazy

The crazy man said, “you are wrong, I am sane!”

Sardonic – Adjective – Mocking; disdainfully humorous; sarcastic

I don’t appreciate your sardonic joke!

Scold – Verb – To rebuke or reproach; to find fault in words

I scolded my daughter for telling a lie.

Screwdriver – Noun – A hand held tool

Give me a screwdriver to fix this box.

Segregation – Noun – The separation or isolation of people based on race, class

or ethnic group

Segregation has been illegal in the US since the fifties.

Select – Verb – To pick one out; to choose

Please select 15 words to study.

Semblance – Noun – The outward appearance of

There is a semblance of order in most classrooms.

Sense – Verb – To become aware of; to detect

Do you sense that something is wrong with the car?

Separate – Verb – To sort or divide

We should separate people according to height.

Share – Verb – To grant or give a portion

It is important for children to share their toys with other kids.

Shipyard – Noun – A place where boats are built or repaired

The dock is near the shipyard.

Skeptical – Adjective – Characterized by an attitude of doubt or uncertainty

I am skeptical of all “get rich quick” deals.

Soaring – Verb — Flying

The soaring bird was very graceful.

Solidify – Verb – To make solid, compact or hard

We will solidify our relationship by marrying.

Sometimes – Adverb – Now and then; occasionally

Sometimes I like to eat fish.

Stabilize – Verb – To make firm or permanent

You should stabilize the bed before crawling under it.

Stamina – Noun – Endurance or staying power

You must have stamina to run a marathon.

Stereotype – Noun – A general opinion of members of a particular group that

represents an oversimplified attitude

The stereotype of Americans is that we are all rich.

Stirred – Verb – A slight movement that mixes, agitates or provokes

Please stir the ingredients in this bowl.

Strenuously – Adjective – Vigorously active; calls for stamina

I strenuously object to your use of vocabulary.

Strip – Verb – To remove a covering

Please strip the paint off this chair.

Submissive – Adjective – Submitting to others; tame

Most woman are expected to be submissive to their husbands.

Subtle – Adjective – A small difference; delicate

The subtle taste of pork in the dinner was overlooked.

Suffice – Verb – To satisfy a need; to be sufficient

Suffice it to say, you have worked hard to pass toefl.

Superficial – Adjective – Of or relating to the surface; shallow

My relationship with him is very superficial.

Superstition – Noun – A belief or practice resulting from ignorance, fear, trust in

magic or chance

Many Americans believe the superstition that 13 is an unlucky number.

Supervisor – Noun – A person who is responsible for directing workers; boss

My supervisor is very nice.

Survive – Verb – To remain alive

I survived the car accident without injury.

Synopsis – Noun – A condensed version

Please give a synopsis of the book you read.

Taint – Verb – To spoil or corrupt

The cheese tastes tainted.

Temporary – Adjective – Lasting a short time; opposite of permanent

My job is only temporary.

Tenacious – Adjective – Strong or tough; not easily distracted or confused

Many wild animals are tenacious.

Timid – Adjective – Lacking in boldness or self confidence

Many children are timid around adults.

Tolerate – Verb – To endure without injury or contradiction

I will not tolerate your behavior.

Toxic – Adjective — Poisonous

This cleaning fluid is toxic.

Traditional – Adjective – Handed down through generations

This is our traditional Thanksgiving dinner.

Transplant – Verb – To remove from one place and settle in to another

I need to transplant this tree to another spot in the yard.

Transport – Verb – To move or carry away

There are many ways to transport people across the country.

Treat – Verb – To deal with or handle

I will treat you with respect only if you respect me.

Tremble – Verb – To shake or shiver involuntarily

When I am frightened, I tremble.

Tremendous – Adjective – Astonishing by reason of extreme greatness,

excellence, size or power

You have made me tremendously happy.

Ultimately – Adverb – In the end; finally

Ultimately, you will learn English.

Uncompromising – Adjective – Inflexible; not willing to make concessions

I am uncompromising in my expectations that you study at home.

Underground – Noun – A space below the earth’s surface

The mole made an underground tunnel.

Unerring – Adjective – Without mistakes; faultless

Many people believe the bible is unerring.

Unfortunately – Adverb – In an unlucky way

Unfortunately, I had a car accident today.

Unilateral – Adjective – Done by one person or party

The US often makes unilateral decisions.

Unlikely – Adjective — Improbable

It is unlikely to have two car accidents in one week.

Urban – Adjective – Of or relating to the city

I live in an urban area.

Use – Verb – The act of employing something

May I use your pen?

Vague – Adjective – Not clearly defined; not having a precise meaning

There is a vague difference between “vague” and “subtle”.

Vast – Adjective – Great in size, amount or degree

The US is vast.

Vehement – Adjective – Intensely emotional

I am vehement about freedom of speech.

Versatility – Noun – The quality of being able to change quickly

Versatility is important in business.

Vogue – Noun – That which is fashionable or popular

This outfit is very vogue.  I wonder if it will be popular in two years?

Volatile – Adjective – Tending to erupt in violence

Relationships between rival sports teams can be volatile.

Warn – Verb – To predict or give notice of a danger

I tried to warn you that the box would fall.

Weekend – Noun – The period between the close of one work week and the

beginning of the next

We are going to a football game this weekend.

Welcome – Verb – To greet or receive gladly

They made us feel very welcome.

Wholesome – Adjective – Good or sound in body, mind or morals

This TV show is very wholesome.

Widespread – Adjective – Widely spread out; greatly diffused

There was widespread damage from the forest fires.

Wield – Verb – To handle or manage

My boss wields power like an insane person.

Wildlife – Noun – Living things that are not human or domesticated

We saw much wildlife in the park.

Wonders – Noun – Anything that causes astonishment or admiration

There are many wonders to see in the US.

Worker – Noun – A person who is paid for manual labor

I am a worker at an assembly plant in Chelsea.

Worthwhile – Adjective – Having value equal to the time or money spent

The ESL groups are a worthwhile venture.

Zeal – Noun – Eager and ardent interest in pursuit of something; passion

There is zeal for missionary work at many churches.






very enthusiastic language learner

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2 Responses

  1. Amr Mustafa says:

    What an amazing site ! Keep up the good work !

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