The Blog

The  past perfect  tense


Nerede Kullanılır?

  • The Past Perfect tense bir olay olmadan önce, daha önce olan bir olayı anlatırken kullanılır.
  • Türkçe de kip olarak –mişti, -mıştı diye çevrilebilir.

Olumlu Cümle  (+)

Özne +had+ Fiil(3)+ Nesne + Zaman İfadesi

Subject +had+Verb(3)+ Object + Time Expression

I        had         finished the work

You  had         painted the wall

We   had          watered the garden

They had         completed the work

He    had          polished the shoes

She  had           worked there

It      had          finished the print

I’d written the poem.

Olumsuz Cümle  (+)

Özne +hadn’t+ Fiil(3)+ Nesne + Zaman İfadesi

Subject +hadn’t+Verb(3)+ Object + Time Expression

I        hadn’t     finished the work

You   hadn’t     finished the work

We    hadn’t      finished the work

They hadn’t      finished the work

He    hadn’t      finished the work

She  hadn’t       finished the work

It      hadn’t       finished the work

Soru Cümlesi (?+)

Had + Özne + Fiil(3)+ Nesne + Zaman İfadesi

Had +Subject +Verb(3)+ Object + Time Expression

Had     You     worked  ?

Had     They    worked  ?

Had     She      worked  ?

WH- Questions

  • What had you done before you learnt German?

I had learned English.

  • Where had you gone before you visited us?

I’d gone to Mugla City.

  • Who had you phoned before you came here?

I had phoned  my mother.

  • Who had phoned you before you left home?

Murat had phoned.

  • How had she come here before she went to Izmir?

She had come here by bus before she went to Izmir.

Kullanımı

Before dan önce,

I had seen him before I went.

Jane had gone there before they called her.

They had phoned before I phoned them.

After dan sonra,

After I had seen him, I went.

After Jane had gone there they called her.

 

 

 

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.