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VIRTUAL ENGLISH SCHOOL

Present Perfect Tense

We use “Present Perfect Tense” for the actions that began in the past and continues to the present with its affects



Sentence Structure

positives:

Subject (+) have/has (+) V3 (+) Object ……..

negatives:

Subject (+) haven’t/hasn’t ( +) V3 (+) Object…………..

questions:

Have/Has (+) Subject (+) V3 (+) Object……………..



I have prepared for the exam

We have prepared for the exam

You have prepared for the exam

They have prepared for the exam


He has prepared for the exam

She has prepared for the exam

It has prepared for the exam

 



 

I haven’t prepared for the exam

We haven’t prepared for the exam

You haven’t prepared for the exam

They haven’t prepared for the exam


He hasn’t prepared for the exam

She hasn’t prepared for the exam

It hasn’t prepared for the exam

 



 

Have I prepared for the exam?

Have we prepared for the exam?

Have you prepared for the exam?

Have they prepared for the exam?


Has he prepared for the exam?

Has she prepared for the exam?

has it prepared for the exam?




We can simply add a question word in front of the question sentences

Where have you prepared for the exam?

I have prepared for the exam at library.

Who has prepared for the exam?

Everyone in the classroom have prepared for the exam.





TIME EXPRESSIONS


FOR and SINCE

FOR–>a particular time (for 3 months, for 2 weeks)

SINCE–>a starting point (since 2007, since January)

  • I have worked so hard for 2 months
  • I have worked since January

JUST/ALREADY/YET

Use “just” and “already” in positives between have/has and V3

  • Ohh! I am so tired. I have just finished my homework
  • Julia, please do your homework. I have already finished my homework, mum

Use “yet”” at the end of the sentences in negatives and questions

  • I haven’t finished my homework yet?
  • Have you finished your homework yet?

 

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