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ARTICLES a/an

 

ARTICLES

A/AN(Indefinite article) ( tekil ve sayılabilen isimleri belirtir)

1.     a ve an okunuşa göre belirlenir. Araya sıfat girerse onun okunuşu esas alınır. a baby, a university, a European

an apple, an hour, an MP, an old man

2.     just for singular and countable a milk (Yanlış) ð eğer  a bottle of milk kastetilmediyse
3.     nonspecific (özel olmayan-herhangi bir) ->I need a book.
4.     at the first mentioning

(ilk bahsediş)

-> They live in a flat. The flat is very expensive.

->The sun was hot, so he bought an ice cream.

Fakat

->There are books on the table. (plural)

->There is tea in the bag. (uncountable)

5.     one example of a class (tüm sınıfı temsilen) ->A dog needs exercise. (=Dogs needs exercise)
6.     to say what ST/ SB is

(bir şeyin/birisinin ne olduğunu beyan için)

->Bill is a doctor. (profession)

->I am a student

->A dog is an animal.

-> I am an idealist.

->Are you a good driver?

->That was a bomb.

->Jill is a really nice person.

7.     Exclamation (Ünlem)

Eğer isim tekil ve sayılabilen ise.

->What a hot day! (Ne sıcak bir gün)

->It was such a long gueue! (O kadar uzun bir kuyruktu ki!)

->What silly boys! (Ne kadar aptal çocuklar!)

In certain phrases of speed, ratio, frequency etc. (sıklık ve miktar belirtilerinde) ->They cost £25 a kilo (kilosu 25 pound)

->He drives at 60 kilometres an hour.

->We eat three times a day.

8.     Her a/an teklik ifade etmez. Bazı kombinasyonlarla çokluk ifade ederler. Yandaki hiçbir yapı teklik belirtmez. A few, a little, a lot of, a great deal of, a great many of, a couple of

->I saw a couple of my friends, in the city centre yesterday. One of them was married whereas the other two ones were not.

9.     Bazı rakamlardan önce one (=bir) anlamında. A hundred, a thousand, a million, a third (1/3)[1]

( one is also possible but “a” is more common)

10.  Bazı hastalıklarda[2] ->He cought a cold.

-> I have a headhache.

11.  Bilinmeyen, tanınmayan isimlerden önce ->A Mr. Smith moved to this flat last month.[3]

 


[1] a fifth=1/5, a tenth=1/10, ancak a quarter=1/4 , a half=1/2  ve aynı zamanda two thirds=2/3, five tenths=5/10

[2] Bazı hastalıklar “a(n)” almaz; cancer, polio gibi.

[3] Mr Smith adlı biri geçen ay bu daireye taşındı.

perizathoca

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