READING STUDY 1

LANGUAGE AND VOCABULARY SECTION (35 pts.)

 

  1. Complete the second sentence following the given cues so that it has the same meaning as the first one. (1.5 pts. each; 4.5 pts.)

 

  1. I’m sure that they will choose Greg for the basketball team because he is the best player I’ve ever seen.

 

I’m sure that they will choose Greg for the basketball team because no one can _________

 

_______________________________________________________________________. (as … as)

 

  1. If you drive far away from the city, the air gets cleaner.

 

The ___________________________________________________________________.

 

(The… the…)

 

  1. The vacationers couldn’t afford to stay at that hotel because it was too expensive.

 

_________________________________________________ the vacationers couldn’t

 

afford to stay there.                                  (such … that)

 

 

 

B .   Mark the best choice. (0.5 pt. each; 5.5 pts.)

 

Joe Hopkins, who _____(1)______ in construction before he became rich selling building

 

materials, is having a house built entirely of glass. The external and internal walls, the roof, the

 

floor — everything _____(2)______ glass. “As soon as I saw the architect’s design, I said ‘I’ll

 

_____(3)______    it.’ I knew it was for me,” said Hopkins, who will _____(4)______

 

construction   material  for    seven    years   next  month.     The    construction   of    his    house

 

_____(5)______ start. The builders _____(6)______ on Monday. It _____(7)______ them

 

long to build it. They _____(8)______ the construction by the end of December. In just a few

 

months, Joe _____(9)______ in one of the most futuristic houses in the world. The house will

 

be _____(10)______ it will be awhile before he _____(11)______ in it.

 

1. a) is working 2. a) will be 3. a) be taking
b) used to work b) was b) have been taking
c) will have worked c) are going to be c) have taken
d) has worked d) will have been d) take
4. a) have exported 5. a) used to 6. a) is arriving
b) be exporting b) is about to b) will have been arriving
c) export c) got used to c) are arriving
d) have been exporting d) is on the point of d) is going to arrive
7. a) probably won’t take 8. a) will have been finishing
b) will have taken b) won’t have been finishing
c) will probably take c) will have finished
d) won’t have taken d) won’t have finished
9. a) will have been living 10. a) less modern than 11. a) used to live
b) will have lived b) so modern that b) will be used to living
c) is living c) more modern than c) gets used to living
d) will be living d) as modern as d) will get used to living

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

  1. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form, gerund or infinitive. (0.5 pt. each; 5 pts.)

 

As he walked along the street to the theater, Tom stopped (1)_______________ (think). Had he remembered (2)_______________ (bring) the tickets? He checked his pocket — the tickets were there! Then another thought crept into his mind. Had he forgotten (3)_______________ (lock) the door of his house while trying (4)_______________ (let) the cat out? He could remember (5)_______________ (switch) off the lights, but… At first, he thought that he should stop

 

(6)_______________ (worry) and go on (7)_______________ (walk) to the theater, but then he decided (8)_______________ (return) home because he realized that if he had left the door unlocked, he would regret (9)_______________ (go) on his way without (10)_______________ (check).

 

 

  1. Use a(n), the or no article (Ø) in the blanks below. If no article is

necessary, you must put the symbol Ø in the blank. (0.5 pt. each; 6 pts.)

 

(1)_______________ bungee jumping is (2)_______________ relatively recent sport which was inspired by the vine jumpers of Pentecost Island in (3)_______________ Pacific Ocean. Each year, (4)_______________ islanders construct (5)_______________ huge wooden towers, off the top of which they throw themselves with (6)_______________ vines tied around their ankles. Inspired by these men, the members of (7)_______________ Oxford University Dangerous Sports Club invented a modern version of this sport. Using (8)_______________

 

special rope made of (9)_______________ nylon instead of vines, they performed (10)_______________ four-person simultaneous jump from (11)_______________ Clifton Suspension Bridge in (12)_______________ Bristol in 1979.

 

  1. Put the words in brackets into the correct form. (1 pt. each; 7 pts.)

 

 

Last Monday, George had one of (1)_______________ (bad) days he had ever had at work. He had a temperature and wasn’t feeling (2)_______________ (good), so he wanted to finish his report (3)_______________ (fast) he had planned and leave the office before 5 p.m. He worked

 

(4)_______________  (hard)  ever,  but  since  he  was  in  a  hurry,  he  wrote  a  bit

 

(5)_______________ (careful) he usually does. When he was presenting his report the next day, he realized that he had missed out (6)_______________ (important) part of all — the conclusion! As a result, the boss became (7)_______________ (confident) in George’s work, and gave him a warning.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

F .   Fill in the blanks with the words / phrasal verbs given in the box. Be careful as there are more items than you need. Do not make any changes in the forms of the words. (0.5 pt. each; 7 pts.)

 

applaud take after extract take up interval
fee recluse break up acquaintance plight
resume scorching dispute extravagant take over
take to insult furious

 

 

  1. They were in a dreadful _______________ when their money, tickets and passports were stolen while they were on holiday.

 

  1. Since they didn’t like the play, they left the theater during the _______________.

 

  1. She was introduced to John, but didn’t _______________ him, so she turned him down when he asked her out.

 

  1. The steelworkers’ leader rejected the 2% pay-rise saying it was a(n) _______________ to the profession.

 

  1. You should have heard the audience _______________. It was fantastic!

 

  1. Who does Laura _______________ in the family? As far as I know, no one has blue eyes among our relatives.

 

  1. There is some _______________ over who actually wrote the play; nobody seems to know for sure.

 

  1. Executives at the company enjoyed a(n) _______________ lifestyle of free gifts, fine wines and exceptionally high salaries.

 

  1. When asked why she hadn’t invited Carol to her party, Lisa said that she was only a(n)

 

_______________, not a real friend.

 

  1. After Matt met the girl of his dreams, he wanted to _______________ with his girlfriend.

 

  1. Bertha has led the life of a(n) _______________ since her husband died. She seldom goes out.

 

  1. A dozen women carrying sacks of oranges sat under a(n) _______________ sun, waiting patiently to catch a bus to the local market.

 

  1. Sheila thought of taking a break to have lunch, but then she decided she  would

 

_______________ her work and eat later because she had too much to do.

 

  1. First, Ben joined the theater club in his  school,  then he made up  his  mind to

 

_______________ acting professionally.

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

READING SECTION (30 pts.)

 

  1. Read the following short passages and choose the logical continuation. (1.5 pts. each; 3 pts.)

 

  1. About 30 countries — most of them African — can expect serious problems in the near future. The reason for this is that if the current rate of increase in population continues, the amount of food produced at present will not be enough and many people in these countries will be faced with starvation. For such countries that cannot afford the technology to increase food production, the recent changes in the climate can help to a certain extent. Although a warmer, wetter earth with high CO2 levels is likely to be capable of producing more food, __________________.

 

a)the trend in population decline will continue

  1. the amounts will still be inadequate for many countries c)poverty will be greatly reduced through agricultural development
    1. many countries will not be threatened by food shortages

 

  1. Male and female first-borns are different in the way that they build their self-esteem. First-born girls generally feel that they need to have their fathers’ approval. Male first-borns, on the other hand, __________________.

 

a)develop close relationships with authority figures in later life

  1. seek for their fathers’ approval, too

c)have low self-esteem

  1. are more conscious of receiving their peers’ admiration

 

 

B . Read the short passage below. Using the clues, fill in the boxes in the diagram. (1 pt. each; 4 pts.)

 

Spending too much time in front of the TV may lead to some changes in children’s behavior. To illustrate, they might try to imitate their heroes and get into accidents. They may also be impressed by the “bad guy” and be inclined to criminal behavior.

 

 

GENERAL IDEA                                 MARKER                                 ILLUSTRATIONS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

Text I.

 

Read the text below and answer the questions that follow. (13 pts.)

 

What price more time with the children?

 

Men who try to balance the demands of family life and career face difficult choices.

 

  • When David Batup separated from his wife, his children lived with him after he was given custody. David continued to work full time.

 

  • “We came home from a family holiday and the next thing, my wife left me. It came as a complete shock. I felt panic. I was on my own with two children, aged nine and thirteen, and I had to hold down a job as a senior manager with responsibility for a large budget in a computer company. Not only did we have practical problems to sort out, but we were overwhelmed by our emotions.

 

  • Friends gave me a lot of support. For the first few weeks they helped by collecting and delivering the children while I was at work. They also gave me a listening ear. Luckily, I was able to find an au pair to look after the children some time later.

 

  • The emotional disturbance was the most difficult aspect to come to terms with. I had always helped with the housework and was quite domesticated. I had also been involved with the children and we were close. But it was a whole new ball game having primary responsibility for home and children.

 

  • My manager was very supportive. As long as I achieved my work goals, he was satisfied. My secretary was brilliant, too. She knew where I was at all times and the children always had access to me.

 

  • The separation was a painful period for all of us. But I have learnt to express my feelings and empathize with other people. It has taught me how to be a better manager, too. I know how to play a supportive role to members of my staff who have been through personal crises, in the way my boss did for me.”

 

  • George Beattie, 46, works nights as a senior supervisor with a large parcels delivery company while his wife, Lynn, works days in the catering industry.

 

  • “We put our plan into action when our children were four and two. The big question was: would I be able to manage on a maximum of five hours’ sleep per night? Well, five years on we are still doing it, so it must have been all right… but at times it was hard.

 

  • We had a tight schedule. Lynn would leave home at 8:30 in the morning and was back by 5:30, just in time to take over while I went out fifteen minutes later to start my night shift at 6 p.m.

 

  • At one point, I began having stomach pains. I was going to bed at 3:15 in the morning, when I got home from work, and the next thing I knew, a bump would wake me up at 6 a.m. when one of the children jumped on me. Lynn would take the children downstairs so that I could get more sleep. But I could hear the chit chat and would only doze, if I was lucky. So you can imagine how exhausted I felt with the children during the day.

 

  • When Robert started playgroup, I took my turn looking after the children. But it’s not that easy being a man in a world of mothers with their young children. Often you feel excluded by conversations, and you just can’t go round to other people’s houses for a cup of coffee like other mums do.

 

  • Three years ago, the manager put pressure on me to go for the night manager’s job, which would have included daytime meetings on top of my night shift. I wasn’t interested because I valued my time at home with the children so much. I did not want to miss out on collecting them and having that couple of hours with them before Lynn came home from work. And with Lynn’s well-paid job, we could afford not taking the opportunity of promotion. Some of my colleagues thought I should go for the promotion, but I stuck to my guns and I am pleased that I did.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

  1. What do the following refer to? (1 pt. each; 2 pts.)

 

1. “it” (para. 6) : ________________________
2. “did” (para.12) : ________________________

 

 

B .  Find expressions in the article that mean the following. (1 pt. each; 4 pts.)

 

  1. to keep (para. 2): ________________________

 

  1. to learn to accept (para. 4): ________________________

 

  1. completely new situation (para. 4) : ________________________

 

  1. informal conversation about unimportant things (para. 10):___________

 

 

 

  1. Mark the following statements True (T) or False (F). (1 pt. each; 4 pts.)

 

  • F   David appreciates the understanding attitudes at work.

 

  • F   David’s experience of childcare has made him more aware of the feelings of others.

 

  • F   George had a physical indication signaling that things were not going well.

 

  • F   George did not refuse the chance of advancement at work.

 

 

 

  1. Answer the following questions. (1.5 pts. each; 3 pts.)

 

  1. How did David finally manage to solve his childcare problem?

 

_______________________________________________________________________.

 

  1. What was George’s main complaint concerning the period during which Robert started playgroup?

 

_______________________________________________________________________.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

Text II.

 

Read the text below and answer the questions that follow. (11 pts.)

 

Climber fights for life on mountain

 

  • A woman climber described last night how she survived 41 hours on a Scottish mountain top in subzero temperatures before she stumbled into the path of a rescue dog called Solo. Mrs. Jacqueline Greaves, 51, exhausted but unhurt after she became separated from two colleagues when she fell down a gully on Sunday, smiled broadly and told her rescuers she would like nothing better than a can of Guinness.

 

  • Survival experts praised the tiny school secretary, who took up mountaineering only five years ago, for her courage, her preparation and her common sense. Facing snowstorms that reduced visibility to a few feet, she stuck to her survival training and dug into soft peat to shelter from the murderous wind. Cpl. Alan Sylvester, head of the RAF Kinloss rescue team, found her at 9:20 a.m. yesterday, after she had spent her second night on top of a 1,148 meter mountain.

 

  • Greaves, from Lowton, Greater Manchester, spent the night in Raigmore Hospital, Inverness, after she was taken off the mountain by a helicopter from RAF Lossiemouth.

 

  • Her ordeal began at 4:30 p.m. on Sunday when she, Mr. David Cawley, 29, and Mr. Bruce Nutter, 45, were blinded by a sudden snowstorm. She fell through a snow cornice, a thick layer of snow built up over a gully, and tumbled down the mountainside. Her companions, in looking for her, also fell. The three were separated, although Mrs. Greaves said she could see both men briefly. One managed to reach help and a rescue operation was mounted.

 

  • Greaves said last night: “I must have fallen about halfway down the 136 meter gully.” With 100 km/h winds lowering the temperature to about minus 30˚C, she decided to stay where she was overnight. But she had lost her ice axe in the fall, and without it, was unable to dig a proper snow-hole for shelter. “The first thing I did was to empty my rucksack and put on every item of clothing I had in there,” she said. “Then I climbed into my survival bag and spent the first night among boulders and the hillside.”

 

  • Her other colleague was found early on Monday, but Mrs. Greaves was not found by the 70 rescuers in five teams. She tried to descend on her own, but was disorientated and she wandered around the plateau summit as the teams searched lower down. She said: “I realized I was totally lost, but by then my survival bag had been torn to shreds, so I dug down into the peat while there was still daylight and opted to spend another night there. At one stage, I actually heard the rescuers looking for me but they could not see me in the conditions.”

 

  • By the end of Sunday night, Mrs. Greaves began to hallucinate and thought she could see a road with motor-cyclists on it, although she was still on the plateau. The next morning, the visibility greatly improved and she decided she had to try to descend. Cpl. Sylvester said Mr. William Fraser, a local member of the Search and Rescue Dogs Association, was slightly ahead of his team near a stream called Luig Beg Burn, two miles from where Mrs. Greaves had fallen. “Suddenly we saw a woman waving to Willie Fraser. The dog went up to her and Willie followed.”

 

  • As she hugged the Alsatian dog, her rescuers gathered round. Cpl. Sylvester said: “When we got to Jacqueline, the first thing she said to us was, ‘I am looking forward to a pint of Guinness.’ But before that, when she saw us, she stopped walking, sat down, and there were tears of relief and emotion. It was a memorable moment.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

  1. Choose the answer that is similar to the meaning used in the context. (1 pt. each 4 pts.)

 

  1. “ordeal” (n.) (para. 4) probably means ________________.

 

  1. a) rescue operationb) sudden snowstorm c) painful experience d) survival training

 

 

  1. “mounted” (v.) (para. 4) probably means _______________.

 

  1. a) organized b) climbed c) reduced                        d) fallen

 

 

  1. “descend” (v.) (para.6) probably means ________________.

 

  1. a) jump b) climb c) go down                      d) go up

 

 

  1. “opted” (v.) (para. 6) probably means __________________.

 

  1. a) improved b) looked for c) separated                     d) chose

 

B . Choose the most suitable heading from the list (a-j) for each numbered section (1-8) of the article. The first two have been done for you. (0.5 pt. each; 3 pts.)

 

 

a) Lifted to hospital __________________
b) Digging for shelter __________________
c) A brave, determined woman ________2_________
d) Solo to the rescue __________________
e) Rescued tired but unharmed ________1_________
f) First steps to survival __________________
g) Caught in the storm __________________
h) A moment of joy and relief __________________

 

 

  1. Answer the following questions. (3 pts.)

 

  1. Give two ways in which Mrs. Greaves protected herself from the cold when she realized she had lost her ice axe? (1 pt. each; 2 pts.)

 

 

a)_______________________________________________________________________. b)_______________________________________________________________________.

 

  1. What signaled that Mrs. Greaves’ health conditions were starting to get worse? (1pt.)

 

 

________________________________________________________________________.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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