COMPARATIVES and SUPERLATIVES

 

COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

 

 

COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

FORMING THE COMPARATIVE AND
SUPERLATIVE

Number of syllables Comparative Superlative
one syllable + -er + -est
tall taller tallest




one syllable
with the spelling consonant + single vowel + consonant:
double the final consonant:
fat fatter fattest
big bigger biggest


sad


sadder


saddest

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Number of syllables



Comparative



Superlative



two syllables



+ -er

OR more + adj



+ -est OR

most + adj

ending in:
-y, -ly, -ow
 

ending in: -le, -er or -ure 

these common adjectives – handsome, polite, pleasant, common,
quiet

happy happier/ more happy happiest/ most happy


yellow

yellower/ more yellow yellowest/ most yellow
simple simpler/ more simple simplest/ most simple
tender tenderer/ more tender tenderest/ most tender




If you are
not sure, use MORE + OR MOST +
 

Note: Adjectives ending in ‘-y’ like happy,
pretty, busy, sunny, lucky
etc:. replace the -y with –ier
or -iest in the comparative and superlative form

busy busier busiest






Number of syllables



Comparative



Superlative



three syllables or more



more + adj



most + adj


important

more important


most important


expensive


more expensive


most expensive

Examples:

a. A cat is fast,
a tiger is faster
but a cheetah is the fastest

b. A car is heavy,
a truck is heavier,
but a train is the heaviest

c. A park bench is comfortable,
a restaurant chair is more
comfortable
,
but a sofa is the
most comfortable

 COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

IRREGULAR COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES

These adjectives have completely irregular comparative and superlative forms:


Adjective

Comparative

Superlative
good better best
bad worse worst
little less least
much more most
far further / farther furthest / farthest

 COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

THE + SUPERLATIVE

‘the’ is placed before the superlative:

For example:

  • He is the richest
    man in the world.
  • That is the biggest
    crocodile I have ever seen.
  • She is the tallest
    girl in her class.

 COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

COMPARATIVE + THAN

To compare the difference between two people, things or events.

Examples:

  • Mt. Everest is
    higher than
    Mt. Blanc.
  • Thailand is sunnier
    than
    Norway.
  • A car is more
    expensive than
    a bicycle.
  • Albert is more
    intelligent than
    Arthur.

 

 

idealist

very enthusiastic language learner

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