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Introduction: As a B2-level English learner, you’re already familiar with the basic tenses of English. However, mastering these tenses and their uses is essential to achieving fluency and effective communication. In this tutorial, we’ll take a comprehensive look at present, past, and future tenses, exploring their forms, functions, and common uses.
Review of Present Tenses: The present tenses of English include the simple present, present continuous, and present perfect. The simple present is used for habitual actions, facts, and general truths. The present continuous is used for actions in progress at the moment of speaking. The present perfect is used for actions that started in the past and continues up to the present moment.
Review of Past Tenses: The past tenses of English include the simple past, past continuous, and past perfect. The simple past is used for completed actions in the past. The past continuous is used for actions that were in progress at a specific time in the past. The past perfect is used for actions that were completed before another past action.
Review of Future Tenses: The future tenses of English include the simple future, future continuous, and future perfect. The simple future is used for predictions, offers, promises, and decisions made at the moment of speaking. The future continuous is used for actions that will be in progress at a specific time in the future. The future perfect is used for actions that will be completed before another future action.
Uses of Tenses: In addition to understanding the forms of tenses, it’s important to understand their functions and common uses. For example, the present perfect is often used for experiences, changes, and actions that have a result in the present. The past continuous is often used to describe background actions or events in a story. Understanding the uses of tenses can help you choose the appropriate tense in various contexts.
Conclusion: Mastering tenses is a crucial part of becoming fluent in English. By reviewing the present, past, and future tenses, as well as their functions and common uses, you’ll gain a deeper understanding of how to use them effectively in your own communication. For more tutorials and resources to help you improve your English skills, visit English Web Tr every day.
English All Tenses Table for B2 Learners (Review of Tenses)
Here’s a table that summarizes the basic tenses in English for B2-level learners:
|Present simple||Subject + verb (base form) + s/es||I work every day.|
|Present continuous||Subject + be (am/is/are) + verb (base form) + ing||I am studying for my exam.|
|Present perfect||Subject + have/has + past participle||I have seen that movie before.|
|Present perfect continuous||Subject + have/has + been + verb (base form) + ing||I have been studying for two hours.|
|Past simple||Subject + verb (past tense)||I walked to the store yesterday.|
|Past continuous||Subject + was/were + verb (base form) + ing||I was studying when the phone rang.|
|Past perfect||Subject + had + past participle||I had already eaten dinner when she arrived.|
|Past perfect continuous||Subject + had + been + verb (base form) + ing||I had been studying for three hours before I took a break.|
|Future simple||Subject + will + verb (base form)||I will call you tomorrow.|
|Future continuous||Subject + will + be + verb (base form) + ing||I will be studying all day tomorrow.|
|Future perfect||Subject + will + have + past participle||I will have finished this project by next week.|
|Future perfect continuous||Subject + will + have + been + verb (base form) + ing||I will have been studying for five hours by the time I finish.|
Note that this table only includes the basic forms of each tense. There are often additional forms and variations of each tense, depending on the specific context and usage.
Review of Tenses for B2 Level
Exercise for B2 level learners to review the use of tenses:
Fill in the blanks with the appropriate tense:
- I __________ (to work) at this company for five years now.
- Yesterday, I __________ (to walk) to the store when it suddenly started raining.
- By the end of this month, I __________ (to have) completed all of my assignments.
- I __________ (to study) for my exam for two weeks already.
- Next week, I __________ (to visit) my grandparents in the countryside.
- The movie __________ (to start) at 7 PM tonight, so we need to leave soon.
- Last year, I __________ (to have) been studying English for three years.
- By the time we arrive, the party __________ (to have) already started.
- I __________ (to be) tired today because I __________ (to work) a lot this week.
- When I saw him, he __________ (to play) video games for two hours already.
- have been working
- was walking
- will have completed
- have been studying
- will visit
- had been studying
- will have already started
- am, have been working
- had been playing
Reading test for B2 level learners to review the use of tenses:
Read the following passage and answer the questions below:
My family and I had been planning a vacation for months. We finally decided on Hawaii and we booked our flights and hotel. When we arrived, it was even more beautiful than we had imagined. The weather was perfect, the beaches were stunning, and the people were friendly. We spent most of our days lounging on the beach, swimming in the ocean, and trying different Hawaiian foods. We also went on a few hikes and visited some of the local markets. By the end of the week, we were all feeling relaxed and rejuvenated.
- What tense is used to describe the planning of the vacation? a) present simple b) past continuous c) present perfect d) past perfect
- What tense is used to describe the arrival in Hawaii? a) present simple b) past continuous c) present perfect d) past perfect
- What tense is used to describe the beauty of Hawaii? a) present simple b) past continuous c) present perfect d) past perfect
- What tense is used to describe the activities the family did during their vacation? a) present simple b) past continuous c) present perfect d) past perfect
- What tense is used to describe the family’s feelings at the end of the week? a) present simple b) past continuous c) present perfect d) past perfect
- d) past perfect
- b) past continuous
- a) present simple
- b) past continuous
- c) present perfect
Here are some additional learning materials for B2 level English learners to further review the use of tenses: (Review of tenses)
- Grammar books: “The Oxford Guide to English Grammar” by John Eastwood and “English Grammar in Use” by Raymond Murphy are both excellent grammar books that provide detailed explanations and exercises for all the tenses in English.
- Online exercises: Websites such as Englishpage.com and Perfect-English-Grammar.com offer a variety of online exercises to help learners practice using different tenses correctly.
- Language exchange partners: Finding a language exchange partner can be a great way to practice using tenses in conversation. You can try websites such as iTalki or Tandem to find language exchange partners.
- TV shows and movies: Watching TV shows and movies in English can be a fun way to improve your understanding and use of tenses. Pay attention to how the characters use different tenses in different situations.
- News articles: Reading news articles in English can help learners practice using tenses in context. Articles from sources such as BBC News or The Guardian can be a good place to start.
- Podcasts: Listening to English-language podcasts such as “Grammar Girl” or “English as a Second Language” can be a helpful way to review grammar concepts, including tenses.
- English language exams: Taking practice exams such as the Cambridge English exams or the TOEFL can help learners test their understanding and use of tenses in different contexts.
Remember, the key to mastering tenses in English is consistent practice and review. Try to incorporate different materials and activities into your learning routine to keep things interesting and engaging.
motivational quotes for B2 level English learners:
- “The limits of my language means the limits of my world.” – Ludwig Wittgenstein
- “Language is the road map of a culture. It tells you where its people come from and where they are going.” – Rita Mae Brown
- “Learning a new language is becoming a member of the club -the community of speakers of that language.” – Frank Smith
- “Language is the blood of the soul into which thoughts run and out of which they grow.” – Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.
- “The best way to learn a language is to immerse yourself in it. Surround yourself with the language and the culture as much as possible.” – Anonymous
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